Cellulitis is a common skin infection caused by bacteria. It primarily affects the deeper layers of the skin and can result in redness, pain, and swelling. This condition usually occurs when bacteria enter the body through a break or crack in the skin, such as a cut, wound, or insect bite.
The symptoms of cellulitis may include a swollen, red, and tender area of skin that spreads rapidly. The affected area may feel warm to the touch and can be accompanied by fever and chills. In severe cases, the infection may cause blisters, abscesses, and skin ulcers.
Early treatment of cellulitis is crucial to prevent the infection from spreading and causing complications. In most cases, antibiotics are prescribed to kill the bacteria causing the infection. The type of antibiotic and the duration of treatment will depend on the severity of the infection and the individual’s medical history. It is important to take the full course of antibiotics as prescribed, even if the symptoms improve.
In addition to antibiotics, other measures may be recommended to alleviate the symptoms and promote healing. Elevating the affected area can help reduce swelling, while over-the-counter pain medications may help relieve discomfort. Moisturizing the skin and keeping it clean can also aid in the healing process.
What is Cellulitis Infection?
Cellulitis infection is a common bacterial infection that affects the skin and the underlying tissues. It typically occurs when bacteria enter the skin through a cut, scrape, or other injury. The infection can spread quickly, causing pain, redness, and swelling in the affected area.
Cellulitis can occur anywhere on the body, but it most commonly affects the legs and face. In some cases, the infection can also spread to the lymph nodes and bloodstream, resulting in more severe symptoms.
Cellulitis requires prompt medical attention and treatment. Doctors usually prescribe antibiotics to eliminate the bacteria causing the infection. In addition to medication, patients are advised to elevate the affected area, apply warm compresses, and rest to help reduce swelling and promote healing.
If left untreated, cellulitis infection can lead to serious complications, such as abscess formation, tissue damage, and the spread of infection to other parts of the body. Therefore, it is important to seek medical treatment as soon as symptoms of cellulitis are observed.
Causes of Cellulitis Infection
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that affects the skin and underlying tissues. It is primarily caused by certain types of bacteria, most commonly Staphylococcus and Streptococcus. These bacteria can enter the body through an open wound, cut, or even a small crack in the skin.
One of the main factors that contribute to the development of cellulitis is compromised skin integrity, which can be caused by several factors. Trauma to the skin, such as a burn or insect bite, can create an entry point for bacteria. In addition, conditions like eczema or psoriasis that cause dry, cracked skin can also increase the risk of developing cellulitis.
Other risk factors for cellulitis include immunodeficiency, obesity, and diabetes, as these conditions can weaken the body’s defenses against bacterial infections. Poor circulation in the affected area can also contribute, making it harder for the body to fight off the infection.
Once the bacteria enter the skin, they can multiply and cause inflammation, leading to symptoms such as swelling, pain, redness, and warmth. If left untreated, the infection can spread to deeper tissues and even into the bloodstream, causing more serious complications.
Treatment for cellulitis usually involves antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. The specific antibiotic prescribed will depend on the severity of the infection and the type of bacteria involved. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary, especially if the infection is severe or if the patient has other underlying health conditions.
In conclusion, cellulitis is a common skin infection caused by bacteria entering the body through breaks in the skin. It can be prevented by maintaining good hygiene and promptly treating any cuts or wounds. If you suspect you have cellulitis, it is important to seek medical attention to prevent complications and ensure proper treatment.
Symptoms of Cellulitis Infection
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that affects the skin and underlying tissues. It can cause a range of symptoms, which may vary depending on the severity of the infection. Common symptoms of cellulitis include:
|The affected area may become red and inflamed. The redness can spread and may be warm to the touch.
|Cellulitis can cause swelling in the affected area, which may be accompanied by a tight or stretched feeling.
|The infected area may be painful, especially when touched or pressed.
|Cellulitis can cause the skin in the affected area to feel warm or hot.
|The skin may be tender or sensitive to the touch.
|In severe cases of cellulitis, blisters may develop in the affected area.
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical treatment. Cellulitis can worsen if left untreated, and antibiotics may be needed to clear the infection.
How to Diagnose Cellulitis Infection?
Diagnosing cellulitis infection involves a thorough examination of the skin, considering the symptoms experienced by the patient. A healthcare professional will typically evaluate the affected area for signs of swelling, pain, redness, and warmth. These symptoms are common indications of cellulitis, but additional tests may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis.
Cellulitis is often accompanied by several symptoms that can help identify the infection. Individuals may experience:
- Redness: The affected skin may appear red or significantly darker than usual.
- Swelling: The area affected by cellulitis may become swollen, making it tender and painful to touch.
- Warmth: The infected area might feel warmer than the surrounding skin due to inflammation.
- Pain: Cellulitis can cause varying degrees of pain, ranging from mild discomfort to severe throbbing.
- Fever: In some cases, cellulitis may lead to the development of a fever.
To confirm the diagnosis and rule out other potential conditions, a healthcare professional may order various tests, including:
- Blood tests: Blood samples are taken to check for elevated levels of white blood cells, which indicates an ongoing infection.
- Cultures: A sample of the affected area may be collected and sent for a culture to identify the specific bacteria responsible for the infection.
- Imaging tests: In severe cases or if the infection does not respond to treatment, imaging tests such as an ultrasound or MRI may be performed to assess deeper tissue involvement.
Once a diagnosis of cellulitis is confirmed, treatment typically involves the use of antibiotics to eliminate the bacteria causing the infection. It is important to follow the prescribed treatment plan and take the full course of antibiotics to prevent the infection from returning or spreading.
Seeking medical attention promptly when symptoms of cellulitis are observed can help ensure a timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment to minimize complications.
Treatment Options for Cellulitis Infection
Cellulitis is a skin infection characterized by redness, swelling, and pain. It is typically caused by bacteria entering the skin through a crack or cut. If left untreated, cellulitis can lead to serious complications. Therefore, it is important to seek treatment as soon as symptoms appear.
The mainstay of treatment for cellulitis infection is antibiotics. These are prescribed to kill the bacteria causing the infection. The specific antibiotic and duration of treatment will depend on the severity of the infection and the individual’s medical history.
In most cases, oral antibiotics such as penicillin or cephalosporin are sufficient for treating cellulitis. However, if the infection is severe or not responding to oral antibiotics, intravenous antibiotics may be necessary. These are administered directly into a vein and provide a more potent effect.
In addition to antibiotics, other treatment options may be recommended to alleviate symptoms and promote healing. These may include:
|Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help reduce pain and inflammation associated with cellulitis.
|Elevating the affected area:
|Raising the affected limb above the level of the heart can help reduce swelling and promote drainage of fluid.
|Applying warm compresses to the affected area can help relieve pain and promote blood circulation.
|Rest and immobilization:
|Resting the affected limb and immobilizing it with a splint or cast can help reduce pain and prevent further injury.
It is important to follow the prescribed treatment plan and complete the full course of antibiotics, even if symptoms improve. Failure to do so may result in the infection recurring or developing antibiotic resistance.
If symptoms worsen or do not improve after a few days of treatment, it is important to seek medical attention. This may indicate a more serious infection or the need for a different course of treatment.
In conclusion, prompt and appropriate treatment is essential for managing cellulitis infection. Antibiotics are the main treatment option, along with pain management and other supportive measures. By following the prescribed treatment plan and seeking medical attention if needed, individuals can effectively recover from cellulitis and prevent complications.
Prevention of Cellulitis Infection
Cellulitis is a common bacterial skin infection that causes pain, redness, and swelling in the affected area. It occurs when bacteria enter the skin through a cut, scrape, or a bug bite. While cellulitis can be treated with antibiotics, it is always better to prevent the infection from occurring in the first place.
Here are some tips to prevent cellulitis infection:
1. Clean and protect your skin: Keep your skin clean by washing it daily with mild soap and water. Make sure to thoroughly clean any cuts or wounds to prevent bacteria from entering. Cover any open wounds with a clean bandage until they heal.
2. Avoid sharing personal items: Do not share personal items like towels, razors, or needles, as they can spread bacteria that can cause cellulitis infections.
3. Take care of your feet: People with diabetes or poor circulation are more prone to developing cellulitis in their feet. Make sure to inspect your feet daily for any cuts, sores, or signs of infection. Keep your feet clean and dry, and wear comfortable shoes that fit well to avoid any skin irritation.
4. Protect yourself from insects: Insect bites can introduce bacteria into the skin and lead to cellulitis. Use insect repellent and wear protective clothing when spending time outdoors, especially in areas where insects are common.
5. Stay vigilant after surgery: If you have had surgery, closely follow your doctor’s instructions for wound care. Keep the surgical site clean and dry, and watch for any signs of infection such as increased redness, swelling, or pus.
6. Maintain a healthy lifestyle: A strong immune system can help prevent infections, including cellulitis. Eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, get enough sleep, and manage stress to keep your immune system strong.
Remember, prevention is always better than treatment. By following these preventive measures, you can reduce the risk of developing cellulitis infection and maintain healthy skin.
When to See a Doctor for Cellulitis Infection?
If you suspect you have cellulitis, it is important to seek medical attention promptly. Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that can cause pain, redness, swelling, and warmth in the affected area. While mild cases may improve with home treatment, more severe cases require medical intervention.
If you experience any of the following symptoms, it is recommended to see a doctor:
1. Worsening symptoms: If your symptoms, such as pain, redness, or swelling, are getting worse despite at-home treatment, it is time to see a doctor. This could indicate that the infection is spreading or not responding to self-care measures.
2. Systemic symptoms: If you develop fever, chills, or body aches in addition to the local symptoms of cellulitis, it may indicate that the infection has spread to the bloodstream. This is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.
3. Rapid progression: If the redness, swelling, or warmth is rapidly spreading to adjacent areas, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible. This could indicate a severe infection that needs prompt treatment to prevent complications.
4. Compromised immune system: If you have a weakened immune system due to a medical condition or medication, it is essential to seek medical help at the first sign of cellulitis. People with compromised immune systems are more susceptible to severe infections and may require specialized and aggressive treatment.
5. Recurrent cellulitis: If you have a history of cellulitis infections and experience another episode, it is advisable to see a doctor. Recurrent cellulitis may indicate an underlying condition that needs to be addressed.
During your doctor’s visit, they will evaluate the severity of your cellulitis infection and determine the appropriate treatment plan. This may involve prescribing antibiotics, recommending pain relief measures, and providing guidance on wound care. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions closely to ensure proper healing and prevent the recurrence of cellulitis.
Complications of Untreated Cellulitis Infection
If left untreated, cellulitis can lead to several complications that can result in severe pain, discomfort, and potential long-term damage to the skin and underlying tissue.
Spread of Infection
Without prompt treatment, cellulitis can spread rapidly to adjacent areas of the skin, and even to deeper tissues and organs. Bacteria causing the infection can enter the bloodstream, leading to a condition called bacteremia. This can result in a systemic infection that affects multiple organs and can be life-threatening if not treated promptly with antibiotics.
Untreated cellulitis can also increase the risk of recurrent infections. The infection weakens the skin’s protective barrier, making it easier for bacteria to re-enter and cause additional episodes of cellulitis. Recurrent infections can be challenging to treat and may require more aggressive antibiotic therapy and longer treatment durations.
In some cases, untreated cellulitis can progress to the formation of an abscess. An abscess is a collection of pus that forms as a result of the body’s immune response to the infection. Abscesses can be painful and may require drainage to effectively treat the underlying infection.
Skin Discoloration and Scarring
Extensive cellulitis infections can cause long-term skin discoloration and scarring. The inflammation and damage to the skin can lead to changes in pigment and texture, resulting in permanent discoloration and visible scarring. These cosmetic effects can have a significant impact on an individual’s self-esteem and quality of life.
It is essential to seek medical attention if you suspect you have cellulitis. Early treatment with antibiotics can help prevent these complications and promote a faster recovery. Remember to follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and complete the full course of antibiotics, even if your symptoms improve.
Cellulitis Infection in Children and Adults
Cellulitis is a common skin infection that can affect people of all ages, including children and adults. It is characterized by redness, warmth, and swelling of the skin, often accompanied by pain.
Children are more susceptible to cellulitis due to their developing immune systems and frequent exposure to bacteria. In many cases, cellulitis in children is caused by a break in the skin, such as a cut or scrape, through which bacteria can enter and cause an infection.
Adults can also develop cellulitis, usually as a result of a weakened immune system or an existing skin condition. Diabetes, obesity, and chronic venous insufficiency are some of the risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing cellulitis in adults.
Symptoms of Cellulitis Infection
The most common symptoms of cellulitis infection include:
- Redness and swelling of the affected skin
- Warmth and tenderness in the area
- Pain or soreness
- Fever and chills (in severe cases)
Treatment of Cellulitis Infection
The treatment of cellulitis infection typically involves a course of antibiotics to eradicate the underlying bacterial infection. Depending on the severity of the infection, the antibiotics may be prescribed orally or intravenously. It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics as prescribed by the healthcare provider to ensure a successful treatment.
In addition to antibiotics, other measures can be taken to alleviate the symptoms and promote healing. These may include elevating the affected limb, applying warm compresses to reduce swelling, and taking over-the-counter pain relievers to manage discomfort.
If left untreated, cellulitis infection can lead to serious complications, such as abscess formation or the spread of infection to the bloodstream. Therefore, it is crucial to seek medical attention promptly if you suspect cellulitis.
Remember, prevention is key! Practicing good hygiene, keeping the skin clean and moisturized, and promptly treating any cuts or wounds can help reduce the risk of developing cellulitis in both children and adults.
Cellulitis Infection and Diabetes
Cellulitis, a bacterial infection of the skin and surrounding tissues, can be a particularly concerning issue for individuals with diabetes. Diabetes can weaken the immune system and impair blood circulation, making the skin more vulnerable to infections such as cellulitis.
When a person with diabetes develops cellulitis, the infection can progress more rapidly and be more severe. The symptoms of cellulitis infection in individuals with diabetes may include increased swelling, redness, and warmth in the affected area. The skin may feel tender or painful to the touch and may appear glossy or shiny.
Treatment for cellulitis infection in individuals with diabetes typically involves a combination of antibiotics to combat the bacterial infection and proper management of blood sugar levels. It is important for individuals with diabetes to closely monitor their blood sugar levels and follow their healthcare provider’s instructions for diabetes management to prevent complications and promote healing.
It is also essential to take precautions to prevent cellulitis in individuals with diabetes. This includes maintaining good foot hygiene, regularly inspecting the skin for any cuts or sores, keeping the skin moisturized to prevent dryness and cracking, and wearing appropriate footwear to protect the feet.
If you have diabetes and suspect you may have cellulitis, it is important to seek medical attention promptly. Delayed treatment can lead to the infection spreading and potentially causing more serious complications. Your healthcare provider can assess the severity of the infection and prescribe the appropriate antibiotics to treat the cellulitis.
Remember, cellulitis infection can happen to anyone, but individuals with diabetes need to be especially vigilant. By managing blood sugar levels, practicing good foot hygiene, and seeking prompt medical attention, the risk of cellulitis infection can be minimized, resulting in better overall health and well-being.
Cellulitis Infection and Pregnancy
Pregnancy is a time when a woman’s immune system is often compromised, making her more susceptible to infections. One common infection that can occur during pregnancy is cellulitis. Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection that can cause redness, pain, and swelling in the affected area.
Cellulitis can occur anywhere on the body, including the legs, arms, and face. It is usually caused by bacteria entering the skin through a cut, scrape, or bug bite. During pregnancy, hormonal changes can make the skin more sensitive, increasing the risk of developing cellulitis.
If you suspect you have cellulitis during pregnancy, it is important to seek treatment promptly. Left untreated, cellulitis can lead to more serious complications, such as the spread of infection to the bloodstream or lymph nodes.
Treatment for cellulitis during pregnancy typically involves the use of antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. It is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting any medication, as some antibiotics may not be safe to take during pregnancy.
In addition to antibiotics, other treatments for cellulitis may include keeping the affected area elevated to reduce swelling, applying warm compresses to alleviate pain, and taking over-the-counter pain relievers, if approved by a healthcare provider.
Is Cellulitis Infection Contagious?
Cellulitis infection is not contagious. It is caused by bacteria entering the skin through a cut or wound. The bacteria responsible for cellulitis are typically found on the surface of our skin and do not normally cause an infection. However, when a break in the skin occurs, such as a cut or a puncture wound, the bacteria can enter and cause an infection.
Cellulitis infection is not spread from person to person. It is not transmitted through contact or respiratory droplets. This means that you cannot catch cellulitis from someone who has it.
While cellulitis itself is not contagious, it is important to take precautions to prevent the spread of bacteria. Proper wound care, such as cleaning and covering any open cuts or wounds, can help prevent bacterial infections like cellulitis.
If you have symptoms of cellulitis, such as pain, redness, swelling, or warmth in the affected area, it is important to seek medical attention. Cellulitis is typically treated with antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary for more severe infections.
In conclusion, cellulitis infection is not contagious and cannot be transmitted from person to person. However, it is important to take steps to prevent the spread of bacteria and seek treatment if symptoms of cellulitis occur.
Hospitalization for Cellulitis Infection
In severe cases of cellulitis infection, hospitalization may be necessary. Redness, pain, and swelling are common symptoms of cellulitis, which is caused by bacteria entering the skin.
If cellulitis is not treated promptly with antibiotics, the infection can quickly spread and cause more serious complications. In some cases, the infection may affect deeper layers of the skin, leading to the need for hospitalization.
Treatment and Care in the Hospital
When hospitalized for cellulitis infection, patients receive intensive medical care to control and eliminate the infection. Intravenous antibiotics are often given to ensure a high concentration of medication reaches the infected area quickly.
In addition to antibiotics, other treatments may be administered to reduce pain and inflammation. These can include pain medications, sterile dressings, and elevation of the affected limb to reduce swelling.
Monitoring and Recovery
During hospitalization, patients with cellulitis infection are closely monitored for any changes in their condition. This allows doctors to adjust the treatment plan as needed and ensure a prompt recovery.
Once the infection is under control and symptoms improve, patients may be discharged from the hospital with a prescribed course of oral antibiotics. It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics to prevent a relapse of the infection.
After leaving the hospital, it is crucial for patients to continue practicing good skin hygiene and closely monitor the affected area for any signs of recurrence. Follow-up appointments with the healthcare provider are typically scheduled to evaluate progress and ensure that the infection is completely resolved.
If you suspect you may have cellulitis infection, it is important to seek medical attention promptly, as early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent the need for hospitalization.
Recurring Cellulitis Infection
Cellulitis is a common skin infection caused by bacteria. It typically presents with symptoms such as redness, pain, and swelling. While cellulitis usually responds well to treatment and resolves with antibiotics, some individuals may experience recurring infections.
Recurring cellulitis is characterized by multiple episodes of infection in the same area of the skin. This can be frustrating and concerning for individuals, as it may indicate an underlying issue or weakened immune response.
Causes of Recurring Cellulitis
There are several factors that contribute to the recurrence of cellulitis. These can include:
- Chronic skin conditions: Individuals with conditions such as eczema or psoriasis may be more prone to developing recurring cellulitis.
- Lymphatic system issues: Problems with the lymphatic system, such as lymphedema or lymphatic drainage issues, can increase the risk of recurrent cellulitis.
- Weakened immune system: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or HIV, can weaken the immune system and make individuals more susceptible to recurring cellulitis.
Treatment for Recurring Cellulitis
If you’re experiencing recurring cellulitis, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan. Treatment options may include:
- Long-term antibiotics: In some cases, a healthcare professional may prescribe long-term antibiotic therapy to help prevent future episodes of cellulitis.
- Addressing underlying conditions: Treating underlying conditions, such as managing diabetes or addressing lymphatic issues, can help reduce the risk of recurring cellulitis.
- Proper wound care: Taking steps to properly clean and care for any cuts, wounds, or injuries can help prevent bacteria from entering the skin and causing cellulitis.
It’s important to be proactive in preventing recurring cellulitis by maintaining good overall health and practicing good hygiene. If you notice any signs or symptoms of cellulitis, such as redness, pain, or swelling, it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly to receive appropriate treatment and prevent the infection from worsening.
Cellulitis Infection and Lymphedema
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the skin that can cause redness, pain, and swelling. It commonly occurs in the legs, but can also affect other parts of the body. Lymphedema is a condition characterized by swelling, usually in the arms or legs, due to a buildup of lymph fluid.
Connection between Cellulitis and Lymphedema
Cellulitis and lymphedema are interconnected conditions, and one can lead to the other. When lymphedema occurs, the swelling can cause the skin to stretch and crack, creating openings for bacteria to enter. This increases the risk of developing cellulitis.
The symptoms of cellulitis and lymphedema can overlap, making diagnosis challenging. However, both conditions can manifest with redness, pain, swelling, and warmth in the affected area. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience these symptoms, as prompt treatment is necessary to prevent complications.
The treatment for cellulitis and lymphedema involves addressing the underlying infection and managing the swelling. Antibiotics are prescribed to eliminate the infection, while compression therapy is used to reduce the swelling in the affected limb. Additionally, elevation, exercise, and skincare techniques are often recommended to improve lymphatic circulation and prevent recurrent cellulitis episodes.
Overall, understanding the connection between cellulitis and lymphedema is crucial for individuals with lymphatic system dysfunction. By managing lymphedema effectively, the risk of developing cellulitis can be minimized, promoting overall skin health and wellbeing.
Cellulitis Infection vs. Erysipelas
Cellulitis infection and erysipelas are both skin infections caused by bacteria. They share some similarities in symptoms and treatment, but there are also some key differences between the two.
Cellulitis infection and erysipelas both result in redness, swelling, and pain in the affected area of the skin. However, erysipelas often has a more raised, well-defined border compared to cellulitis. Cellulitis can also cause blisters or pus-filled sores, while erysipelas typically does not.
The treatment for both cellulitis infection and erysipelas involves antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. The choice of antibiotic may differ depending on the severity of the infection and the type of bacteria involved. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required for intravenous antibiotics.
In addition to antibiotics, elevation of the affected area and applying warm compresses can help reduce swelling and promote healing. Pain relief medication may also be prescribed to manage discomfort.
It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics as prescribed, even if symptoms improve, to ensure the infection is fully eradicated and to prevent recurrence.
While cellulitis infection and erysipelas share similarities in symptoms and treatment, there are distinct differences between the two. Understanding these differences can help healthcare providers accurately diagnose and treat these skin infections.
What is cellulitis?
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that affects the skin and underlying tissues.
What causes cellulitis?
Cellulitis is commonly caused by Streptococcus and Staphylococcus bacteria entering the body through a break in the skin.
What are the symptoms of cellulitis?
The symptoms of cellulitis include redness, swelling, warmth, tenderness, and pain at the affected area. There may also be fever, chills, and swollen lymph nodes.
How is cellulitis diagnosed?
Cellulitis is usually diagnosed based on its appearance and symptoms. In some cases, a sample of the affected skin might be taken for laboratory analysis.
What is the treatment for cellulitis?
The treatment for cellulitis usually involves antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. In severe cases, hospitalization might be required for intravenous antibiotic therapy.
What is cellulitis infection?
Cellulitis infection is a common bacterial skin infection that affects the deeper layers of the skin.
What are the common causes of cellulitis infection?
Cellulitis infection is usually caused by bacteria, such as Streptococcus and Staphylococcus, which enter the skin through a cut or a wound.
What are the symptoms of cellulitis infection?
Symptoms of cellulitis infection include redness, swelling, warmth, pain, and tenderness in the affected area. In some cases, there may also be fever and chills.
How is cellulitis infection diagnosed?
Cellulitis infection is usually diagnosed based on the physical examination of the affected area and the symptoms reported by the patient. In some cases, a sample of the skin may be sent for laboratory testing.
What is the treatment for cellulitis infection?
Treatment for cellulitis infection usually involves antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required for intravenous antibiotics.