Respiratory infections are one of the most common types of infections worldwide. They affect the respiratory system, which includes the nose, throat, and lungs. These infections can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi, and can range from mild to severe. It is important to recognize the symptoms, understand the causes, and seek appropriate treatment for respiratory infections.
Symptoms of respiratory infections
Respiratory infections can present a variety of symptoms, depending on the specific type of infection. Common symptoms include coughing, sneezing, sore throat, congestion, and difficulty breathing. Some respiratory infections may also cause fever, fatigue, or body aches. It is important to note that these symptoms can also be associated with other illnesses, so it is important to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis.
Causes of respiratory infections
The most common cause of respiratory infections is viral in nature. Viruses such as the common cold, influenza, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can easily spread from person to person through respiratory droplets. Bacterial infections, such as strep throat or pneumonia, can also cause respiratory infections. Additionally, fungal infections can occur in individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or undergoing chemotherapy.
Treatment for respiratory infections
The treatment for respiratory infections depends on the underlying cause. Viral infections typically do not respond to antibiotics and are often managed with rest, fluids, and over-the-counter medications to relieve symptoms. Bacterial infections, on the other hand, often require antibiotics to clear the infection. Fungal infections may require antifungal medications. It is important to follow the guidance of a healthcare professional when seeking treatment for a respiratory infection.
Common Symptoms of Respiratory Infection
A respiratory infection can cause a range of symptoms, which can vary depending on the specific type of infection and the individual. However, there are some common symptoms that may indicate a respiratory infection:
- Cough: A persistent cough is a common symptom of respiratory infections, as the infection irritates the respiratory tract, leading to coughing.
- Sore throat: Infections such as the common cold or flu can cause a sore throat, making it difficult and painful to swallow.
- Nasal congestion: Respiratory infections often cause congestion in the nasal passages, making it difficult to breathe through the nose.
- Runny nose: Excessive mucus production is another common symptom, leading to a runny or stuffy nose.
- Sneezing: Sneezing is a natural reflex to clear the nasal passages of irritants, and it is commonly experienced during respiratory infections.
- Fever: In some cases, a respiratory infection may cause a fever, which is the body’s way of fighting off the infection.
- Shortness of breath: Severe respiratory infections can lead to shortness of breath, as the lungs may have difficulty taking in enough oxygen.
- Fatigue: Feeling extremely tired or fatigued is a common symptom of respiratory infections, as the body devotes energy to fighting off the infection.
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Causes of Respiratory Infection
Respiratory infections can be caused by various factors, including:
|Viruses are the most common cause of respiratory infections, such as the common cold, influenza, and COVID-19. These viruses are easily transmitted through respiratory droplets, close contact with an infected person, or touching surfaces contaminated with the virus and then touching the face.
|Bacterial infections, like streptococcus or staphylococcus, can also lead to respiratory infections. Bacterial respiratory infections are usually more severe and may require antibiotic treatment.
|Fungal infections, although less common, can affect the respiratory system. They are more likely to occur in people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or undergoing cancer treatment.
|Exposure to certain environmental factors can increase the risk of respiratory infections. These include air pollution, secondhand smoke, and occupational hazards like asbestos or coal dust.
|Allergens, such as pollen, pet dander, or dust mites, can trigger respiratory infections in individuals with allergies. These infections are usually milder and associated with symptoms like sneezing, coughing, and nasal congestion.
|Smoking tobacco or exposure to secondhand smoke can weaken the respiratory system and make individuals more susceptible to infections.
It’s important to take preventive measures, such as practicing good hygiene, avoiding close contact with sick individuals, getting vaccinated, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, to reduce the risk of respiratory infections.
Risk Factors for Respiratory Infection
Respiratory infections can affect anyone, but certain factors can increase the risk of developing an infection. These risk factors include:
- Age: Infants, young children, and older adults are more susceptible to respiratory infections due to their weaker immune systems.
- Weakened immune system: Conditions such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, and organ transplantation can weaken the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections.
- Smoking: Tobacco smoke irritates the respiratory system and damages the cilia, hair-like structures that help remove particles from the airways, increasing the risk of respiratory infections.
- Crowded places: Living or working in crowded environments, such as nursing homes, schools, or offices, can increase the risk of respiratory infections due to close contact with infected individuals.
- Poor hygiene: Not practicing proper hand hygiene, such as frequent handwashing, can increase the risk of respiratory infections as bacteria and viruses can be easily transferred from contaminated surfaces to the respiratory system.
- Chronic respiratory conditions: Individuals with chronic conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or cystic fibrosis are more likely to develop respiratory infections.
- Exposure to pollutants: Exposure to air pollution, chemicals, or irritants can weaken the respiratory system and make it more susceptible to infections.
- Travel: Traveling to areas with a high prevalence of respiratory infections, such as influenza outbreaks, can increase the risk of acquiring an infection.
- Close contact: Close contact with an infected person, such as through coughing, sneezing, or sharing utensils, can increase the risk of respiratory infections.
It is important to be aware of these risk factors and take appropriate measures to reduce the risk of respiratory infections, such as practicing good hygiene, avoiding close contact with infected individuals, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
Prevention Strategies for Respiratory Infection
Respiratory infections can be highly contagious and spread easily from person to person. Implementing certain prevention strategies can help reduce the risk of acquiring or transmitting respiratory infections:
1. Hand Hygiene
Regular handwashing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds can help prevent the spread of respiratory infections. If soap and water are not available, using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol content is an effective alternative.
2. Cover Your Mouth and Nose
When coughing or sneezing, it is important to cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your elbow. This helps prevent the release of respiratory droplets into the air, which can contain infectious particles.
3. Avoid Close Contact
Avoid close contact with individuals who are sick or showing symptoms of a respiratory infection. This includes avoiding crowded places and maintaining a distance of at least 6 feet from others whenever possible.
4. Wear a Mask
In situations where social distancing is not feasible, wearing a mask can help prevent the spread of respiratory infections. Masks should cover the nose and mouth completely and be worn correctly, following the recommended guidelines.
5. Stay Home When Sick
If you are experiencing symptoms of a respiratory infection, it is important to stay home and avoid contact with others. This helps prevent the spread of the infection to those around you.
By following these prevention strategies, you can reduce the risk of respiratory infections and protect both yourself and those around you from getting sick.
Diagnosis of Respiratory Infection
Diagnosing a respiratory infection involves a combination of physical examinations, medical history, and laboratory tests. Respiratory infections can be caused by various viruses, bacteria, and fungi, making an accurate diagnosis crucial for effective treatment.
During a physical examination, a healthcare professional will evaluate symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, chest congestion, and difficulty breathing. They will also check for any signs of inflammation or infection in the respiratory system.
Obtaining a detailed medical history is important in determining the cause of the respiratory infection. Questions about recent travels, exposure to sick individuals, and previous respiratory infections can provide important clues for diagnosis.
Laboratory tests are often used to confirm the presence of an infection and identify the specific pathogen. These tests may include throat or nasal swabs, sputum cultures, blood tests, or imaging studies such as chest X-rays or CT scans.
In some cases, additional tests may be necessary to differentiate between different types of respiratory infections. For example, a rapid influenza test can determine if the infection is caused by the influenza virus, while a pneumonia panel can identify the specific bacteria causing pneumonia.
Early and accurate diagnosis of respiratory infections is essential to prevent complications and ensure appropriate treatment. Prompt testing and identification of the causative agent can guide the choice of antibiotics or antiviral medications, improving patient outcomes.
It is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of respiratory infections.
Treatment Options for Respiratory Infection
When it comes to treating respiratory infections, there are several options that healthcare professionals may consider. The treatment plan will vary depending on the specific infection and its severity. Here are some common treatment options:
|If the respiratory infection is caused by bacteria, antibiotics may be prescribed to kill the bacteria and alleviate symptoms.
|For viral respiratory infections, antiviral medications may be used to help reduce the severity and duration of symptoms.
|Over-the-counter medications like pain relievers, decongestants, and cough suppressants can provide relief from symptoms such as fever, congestion, and coughing.
|Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids can help thin mucus and make it easier to cough up, which can alleviate congestion.
|Resting and getting enough sleep helps your body recover and fight off the infection. It also helps prevent the spread of the infection to others.
|Using a humidifier or taking steamy showers can help moisten the airways and relieve congestion.
|Coughing and Deep Breathing Exercises
|These exercises can help clear mucus from the lungs and improve breathing.
It is important to note that the appropriate treatment option will depend on the individual’s specific condition. Consulting with a healthcare professional is advisable to determine the most suitable course of treatment.
Antibiotics for Respiratory Infection
When it comes to treating respiratory infections, such as pneumonia or bronchitis, antibiotics are often prescribed by healthcare professionals. These medications help to fight the infection-causing bacteria and alleviate symptoms.
How Do Antibiotics Work?
Antibiotics work by targeting and killing the bacteria responsible for the respiratory infection. They disrupt the bacteria’s cell walls or inhibit their ability to reproduce, effectively stopping their growth and eliminating the infection.
It is important to note that antibiotics are only effective against bacterial respiratory infections. They are not effective against viral infections like the common cold or flu. In fact, taking antibiotics unnecessarily can contribute to antibiotic resistance, making it more difficult to treat bacterial infections in the future.
Antibiotics for Common Respiratory Infections
1. Pneumonia: In cases of pneumonia, antibiotics such as amoxicillin, azithromycin, or doxycycline may be prescribed. The choice of antibiotic depends on the severity of the infection and the patient’s medical history.
2. Bronchitis: Acute bronchitis caused by bacteria may be treated with antibiotics such as erythromycin or clarithromycin. However, most cases of bronchitis are caused by viruses and do not require antibiotics.
In any case, it is crucial to follow the prescribed antibiotic regimen and complete the entire course, even if symptoms improve. This helps to ensure that all bacteria are eliminated and prevent the development of antibiotic resistance.
Important: It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any antibiotic treatment. They will determine whether antibiotics are necessary and prescribe the most appropriate medication.
In conclusion, antibiotics play an essential role in treating bacterial respiratory infections. They target and eliminate the bacteria responsible, relieving symptoms and promoting recovery. However, indiscriminate use of antibiotics should be avoided to prevent antibiotic resistance and preserve their effectiveness.
Antiviral Medications for Respiratory Infection
Infections in the respiratory system can be caused by viruses, and in such cases, antiviral medications can be prescribed to treat the infection. Antiviral medications work by targeting specific viruses and preventing them from replicating or spreading in the body.
These medications are usually prescribed for severe respiratory infections, such as influenza or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). They can help reduce the duration and severity of symptoms, as well as prevent complications.
How do antiviral medications work?
Antiviral medications work in various ways, depending on the specific virus they target. Some antiviral medications inhibit the virus’s ability to attach to host cells, preventing it from entering and infecting the cells. Others interfere with the virus’s ability to replicate and make copies of itself.
It’s important to note that antiviral medications are not effective against all respiratory infections. They are specifically designed to target certain viruses and may not be effective against bacterial or fungal infections.
Common antiviral medications
There are several antiviral medications available for the treatment of respiratory infections. Some common examples include:
- Oseltamivir (Tamiflu): This medication is commonly prescribed to treat influenza. It helps reduce the severity and duration of symptoms and can also be used as a preventive measure.
- Ribavirin: Ribavirin is an antiviral medication used to treat respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and other respiratory infections. It can be administered via inhalation or oral route.
- Lopinavir/ritonavir: This combination medication is commonly used to treat HIV infection, but it has also shown effectiveness against certain respiratory viruses, such as SARS-CoV-2.
Before taking any antiviral medication, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to ensure the medication is appropriate and safe for the specific respiratory infection.
In conclusion, antiviral medications can be an effective treatment option for respiratory infections caused by viruses. They work by targeting specific viruses and preventing their replication or spread in the body. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any antiviral medication to ensure its safety and effectiveness.
Over-the-Counter (OTC) Remedies for Respiratory Infection
When it comes to treating a respiratory infection, over-the-counter (OTC) remedies can be quite effective. These remedies can help alleviate symptoms and provide relief while your body fights off the infection.
One common OTC remedy for respiratory infection is cough syrup. Cough syrup contains ingredients such as dextromethorphan or guaifenesin, which can help soothe a cough and reduce mucus production. Cough syrup is available in different formulations, such as syrup or lozenges, so you can choose the one that works best for you.
Nasal decongestant sprays or drops are another OTC remedy that can provide relief from a stuffy or congested nose. These products contain ingredients like oxymetazoline or phenylephrine, which constrict the blood vessels in the nose, leading to temporary relief from congestion. However, it is important to use nasal decongestants for short periods of time to avoid potential rebound congestion.
Pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, can help reduce fever, headache, and body aches associated with respiratory infections. These OTC medications can also provide relief from sore throat pain. However, it is important to follow the recommended dosage instructions and consult a healthcare professional if symptoms worsen or persist.
Finally, cough drops or lozenges can provide temporary relief from a sore throat or cough. These OTC remedies often contain ingredients like menthol, eucalyptus, or honey, which can help soothe the throat and reduce coughing.
It is important to note that while OTC remedies can help alleviate symptoms, they do not treat the underlying infection. If your symptoms worsen or persist, it is always best to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation and treatment.
Alternative Treatments for Respiratory Infection
While conventional medical treatments such as antibiotics are often effective in treating respiratory infections, some individuals may prefer to explore alternative treatments. These alternative approaches can help support the body’s natural healing processes and may provide additional relief from respiratory symptoms.
1. Herbal Remedies
Many herbs have been used for centuries to treat respiratory infections. Echinacea, for example, is believed to enhance the immune system and has been used to lessen the severity and duration of cold and flu symptoms. Other herbs, such as elderberry and mullein, may help alleviate coughing and congestion. It’s important to note that the effectiveness of herbal remedies may vary, and it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional before trying any new treatment.
2. Steam Therapy
Steam therapy can be a helpful way to relieve respiratory symptoms. Inhaling warm, moist air can help loosen mucus and soothe irritated airways. One common method is to create a steam tent by draping a towel over your head while leaning over a bowl of hot water. Adding essential oils, such as eucalyptus or peppermint, to the water can provide additional benefits. Steam therapy should be used with caution, especially for those with asthma or other respiratory conditions, and it’s best to consult with a healthcare professional before trying this method.
It’s important to remember that these alternative treatments should not replace conventional medical care, especially for severe respiratory infections. However, for mild cases or as a supportive measure, they may offer additional relief and help promote overall respiratory health.
Complications of Respiratory Infection
Respiratory infections can lead to various complications, which can range from mild to severe, depending on the individual and the specific infection. It is important to be aware of these potential complications in order to seek prompt medical attention and treatment if necessary.
One of the most common complications of respiratory infection is pneumonia. Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs, causing them to fill with fluid or pus. This can lead to symptoms such as cough, chest pain, fever, and difficulty breathing. Pneumonia can be caused by various pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
In severe cases, respiratory infection can lead to a condition called acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). ARDS is a life-threatening lung condition that occurs when the air sacs in the lungs become damaged and filled with fluid. This can cause severe breathing difficulty and can result in organ failure.
Other potential complications of respiratory infection include:
- Pleurisy: Inflammation of the membranes lining the lungs and chest cavity.
- Empyema: Collection of pus in the pleural cavity.
- Collapsed lung: Partial or complete collapse of a lung.
- Respiratory failure: Inability of the respiratory system to provide adequate oxygen to the body.
- Secondary bacterial infections: Superimposed bacterial infections that can worsen the initial respiratory infection.
It is important to note that complications can vary depending on the specific type of respiratory infection a person has. Some infections may be more likely to cause certain complications than others. Additionally, individuals with weakened immune systems, such as the elderly or those with underlying health conditions, may be more susceptible to severe complications.
If you experience symptoms of a respiratory infection or if you have any concerns about potential complications, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
When to Seek Medical Help for Respiratory Infection
If you are experiencing symptoms of a respiratory infection, it is important to know when to seek medical help. While many respiratory infections can be managed at home with rest and over-the-counter medications, there are certain situations where it is crucial to see a healthcare professional.
If you have severe symptoms that are not improving or are worsening, it is essential to seek medical assistance. Severe symptoms may include difficulty breathing, chest pain, high fever, rapid heartbeat, or confusion. These could be signs of a more serious respiratory infection that requires immediate medical attention.
If your symptoms have lasted for more than a week or are not improving after several days, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional. Prolonged symptoms may indicate a more persistent or complicated respiratory infection that requires medical intervention.
Remember: It’s always better to err on the side of caution when it comes to your health. If you have any concerns or doubts, it’s best to reach out to a healthcare provider for guidance and proper diagnosis.
Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational purposes only and should not be taken as medical advice. Always consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of respiratory infections.
Prognosis and Recovery from Respiratory Infection
Recovering from a respiratory infection can vary depending on the specific type of infection and the individual’s overall health. In most cases, respiratory infections can be treated successfully with proper medical care and rest.
A key factor in the prognosis of a respiratory infection is early diagnosis and treatment. If an infection is identified and treated promptly, the chances of a full recovery are generally high. However, if an infection is left untreated or worsens, it can lead to more severe complications and a longer recovery period.
The length of time it takes to recover from a respiratory infection also depends on various factors such as the individual’s immune system, the severity of the infection, and any underlying health conditions. Generally, mild respiratory infections can resolve within a few days to a couple of weeks, while more severe infections may take several weeks or even months to fully recover from.
During the recovery process, it is essential to rest and take care of oneself. Adequate sleep, proper hydration, and a nutritious diet can help strengthen the immune system and aid in the healing process. It is also important to follow any prescribed medications or treatments as directed by a healthcare professional.
It is worth noting that some individuals may experience lingering symptoms or complications after recovering from a respiratory infection. These can include fatigue, cough, or a weakened immune system. It is important to monitor any persistent or recurrent symptoms and seek medical attention if necessary.
In conclusion, the prognosis for recovery from a respiratory infection is generally positive with appropriate medical care and rest. However, it is crucial to seek early treatment and follow medical advice to prevent the infection from worsening or causing complications. With proper care, most individuals can regain their health and fully recover from a respiratory infection.
Long-term Effects of Respiratory Infection
Respiratory infections can have long-term effects on the respiratory system, causing various complications and impairments. One of the most common long-term effects is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
Chronic bronchitis is characterized by a persistent cough, excessive mucus production, and inflammation of the bronchial tubes. It can result in the narrowing of the airways, making it difficult to breathe. Emphysema, on the other hand, is a condition where the air sacs in the lungs become damaged and lose their elasticity, leading to a decrease in lung function.
Respiratory infections can also cause asthma to worsen or develop in individuals who were previously unaffected. Asthma is a chronic condition that causes inflammation of the airways, leading to symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness.
In some cases, respiratory infections can lead to the development of lung abscesses or cavities filled with pus. These abscesses can cause persistent coughing, chest pain, and fever.
In addition to the respiratory system, certain respiratory infections can also affect other parts of the body. For example, pneumonia, a common respiratory infection, can spread to other organs such as the heart or brain, causing serious complications.
It’s important to seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of a respiratory infection, as early treatment can help prevent or minimize the long-term effects. Your healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotics, antiviral medication, or other treatments depending on the cause and severity of the infection.
In conclusion, respiratory infections can have lasting effects on the respiratory system and overall health. It’s crucial to take steps to prevent infections and seek prompt medical attention if symptoms arise to minimize the risk of long-term complications.
Research and Development for Respiratory Infection
Respiratory infections are a significant global health concern, affecting millions of people each year. As a result, ongoing research and development efforts are crucial to improve our understanding of respiratory infections and develop more effective treatment strategies.
One area of research focuses on studying the various causes of respiratory infections, including viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Understanding the pathogens responsible for these infections can help researchers develop targeted treatments and preventive measures.
Another important aspect of research is identifying the risk factors that contribute to the development of respiratory infections. Factors such as smoking, air pollution, and compromised immune systems can increase an individual’s susceptibility to respiratory infections. By identifying and mitigating these risk factors, researchers can potentially reduce the incidence and severity of respiratory infections.
Additionally, ongoing research aims to improve diagnostic techniques for respiratory infections. Rapid and accurate diagnosis is crucial for effective treatment and prevention. New diagnostic methods, such as molecular tests and point-of-care testing, are being developed to provide faster and more accurate results.
Treatment options for respiratory infections are also a focus of research and development. Antiviral medications, antibiotics, and vaccines are all areas of exploration. Researchers are continuously working to develop new and more effective treatments to combat respiratory infections and reduce associated complications.
Furthermore, research efforts are being directed towards understanding the long-term effects of respiratory infections. Some respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, can lead to chronic conditions or complications. By studying the long-term effects, researchers can develop strategies for early intervention and management of these conditions.
Overall, research and development efforts for respiratory infections are critical in improving our understanding, prevention, and treatment of these infections. Through ongoing research, we can hope to reduce the global burden of respiratory infections and improve the outcomes for those affected.
Latest Updates and News on Respiratory Infection
Stay informed about the latest updates and news on respiratory infections, as doctors and researchers continue to study this prevalent health issue. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for respiratory infections is crucial for both patients and healthcare professionals.
Advancements in Diagnosis and Treatment
Scientists around the world are constantly making progress in diagnosing and treating respiratory infections. Recent studies have focused on improving diagnostic techniques, such as rapid testing methods, to quickly identify the specific pathogen causing the infection. This allows for more targeted treatment approaches, reducing the risks of unnecessary antibiotic usage.
Furthermore, researchers are actively developing new antiviral medications and vaccines to combat various respiratory infections. These advancements hold the potential to significantly decrease the severity and duration of respiratory infections, improving patient outcomes.
Effective prevention strategies are crucial in reducing the spread of respiratory infections. Recently, public health organizations have emphasized the importance of practicing good hygiene, such as frequent handwashing and covering coughs and sneezes properly. These simple actions can significantly reduce the transmission of respiratory viruses.
Additionally, vaccination plays a key role in preventing specific respiratory infections, such as influenza and pneumococcal infections. Vaccination campaigns and public awareness initiatives are continuously implemented to encourage individuals to get vaccinated and protect themselves and others from these respiratory infections.
It is essential to stay updated with the latest information on respiratory infections to protect yourself and those around you. Follow trusted sources, such as reputable medical websites and local health authorities, to stay informed about the latest advancements, prevention measures, and treatment options regarding respiratory infections.
Question and answer:
What are the symptoms of respiratory infection?
Common symptoms of respiratory infection include cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, fever, headache, and fatigue.
What causes respiratory infection?
Respiratory infections can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi. Influenza viruses, rhinoviruses, and respiratory syncytial virus are some common viral causes. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae are common bacterial causes.
How can respiratory infections be treated?
Treatment for respiratory infections depends on the cause. Viral respiratory infections are usually managed with supportive care, such as rest, fluids, and over-the-counter medications for symptom relief. Bacterial infections may require antibiotics. In some cases, antifungal medications may be used for fungal infections.
When should I see a doctor for a respiratory infection?
You should see a doctor if your symptoms are severe, persist for more than a few days, or if you have difficulty breathing. It’s also important to seek medical attention if you have a weakened immune system, are pregnant, or have underlying health conditions that could increase your risk of complications.
Can respiratory infections be prevented?
While it’s not always possible to prevent respiratory infections, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk. Practicing good hand hygiene, avoiding close contact with sick individuals, and getting vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal disease can help lower the risk of respiratory infections.
What are the common symptoms of respiratory infection?
Common symptoms of respiratory infection include coughing, sneezing, sore throat, runny nose, fatigue, and fever.
What are some possible causes of respiratory infection?
Respiratory infection can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi. Common causes include the flu, common cold, bronchitis, and pneumonia.