Salmonella infection is a common bacteria-caused illness that affects millions of people each year. This type of infection, known as salmonellosis, can lead to food poisoning and can cause a range of symptoms such as fever, diarrhea, and vomiting. It is important to take preventive measures to avoid salmonella poisoning and to be aware of the signs and symptoms.
Salmonella bacteria are typically found in the intestines of animals and humans and are often transmitted through contaminated food or water. Symptoms of salmonella poisoning usually appear within 12 to 72 hours after exposure and can last for up to a week. These symptoms include abdominal pain, cramping, fever, diarrhea, and vomiting. In severe cases, the infection can spread from the intestines to the bloodstream and other parts of the body, leading to complications and hospitalization.
Prevention is key when it comes to avoiding salmonella poisoning. It is important to practice good hygiene, such as regularly washing hands with soap and water before and after handling food, especially raw meat and eggs. Cooking food thoroughly, especially poultry and eggs, can also help kill any salmonella bacteria that may be present. It is also advised to avoid cross-contamination by using separate cutting boards and utensils for raw and cooked foods.
If you suspect you have salmonella poisoning, it is important to seek medical attention. The doctor may ask for a stool sample to confirm the diagnosis. In most cases, salmonella infection can be treated at home with plenty of rest and fluids to prevent dehydration. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat severe infections or complications. It is important to follow the doctor’s instructions and complete the full course of antibiotics to ensure the infection is fully cleared.
Salmonella Poisoning: Definition, Causes, and Risks
Salmonella poisoning, also known as salmonellosis, is an infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella. This bacteria is commonly found in the intestines of animals and humans and can be transmitted through contaminated food or water.
The main cause of salmonella poisoning is the consumption of food or water that has been contaminated with the bacteria. This can happen during the production, processing, or preparation of food, especially if proper hygiene practices are not followed. Foods commonly associated with salmonella outbreaks include raw or undercooked eggs, poultry, meat, unpasteurized milk or dairy products, and fresh produce.
Anyone can get salmonella poisoning, but certain groups of people are more at risk. These include young children, the elderly, and individuals with weakened immune systems. People who work with animals or in healthcare settings are also more susceptible to salmonella infection. Additionally, traveling to areas with poor sanitation and hygiene practices increases the risk of contracting salmonella.
Symptoms of salmonella poisoning usually appear within 12 to 72 hours after ingestion of the contaminated food or water. The most common symptoms include fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. In severe cases, the infection can spread from the intestinal tract to other parts of the body, leading to complications such as bloodstream infections or meningitis.
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of salmonella poisoning, especially if you belong to a high-risk group or if the symptoms are severe. Treatment may involve rehydration, rest, and in some cases, the use of antibiotics. It is also crucial to prevent the spread of the bacteria by practicing good hygiene, cooking food thoroughly, and avoiding cross-contamination in the kitchen.
How Salmonella Spreads: Contaminated Food and Water
Salmonella is a type of bacteria that can cause an infection called salmonellosis. This infection is usually caused by consuming food or water that is contaminated with the bacteria.
Contamination can occur during the production, processing, or handling of food. Raw or undercooked eggs, poultry, meat, and seafood are common sources of salmonella contamination. Fruits and vegetables can also become contaminated if they come into contact with contaminated soil, water, or animal feces.
When a person consumes contaminated food or water, the salmonella bacteria can multiply in their intestines and cause symptoms such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and nausea. These symptoms can appear within 12 to 72 hours after exposure to the bacteria.
It’s important to practice proper food safety measures to prevent salmonella poisoning. This includes cooking food to the appropriate temperatures, washing hands and surfaces frequently, and avoiding cross-contamination between raw and cooked foods.
If you suspect you have salmonella poisoning, it’s important to seek medical attention. Your doctor can provide appropriate treatment, which may include antibiotics and rehydration therapy to replace fluids lost through vomiting and diarrhea.
Common Sources of Salmonella: Raw Foods and Cross-Contamination
Salmonella is a type of bacteria that can cause food poisoning. It is commonly found in raw foods, especially those of animal origin. Raw meats, poultry, eggs, and seafood can all be sources of Salmonella contamination. When these raw foods are not cooked thoroughly, the bacteria can survive and cause illness when consumed.
Symptoms of Salmonella poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, fever, nausea, and abdominal cramps. These symptoms can appear within 12 to 72 hours after consuming contaminated food. In some cases, hospitalization may be required, especially for young children, the elderly, and individuals with weak immune systems.
Cross-contamination is another common source of Salmonella. This occurs when raw foods come into contact with surfaces, utensils, or other cooked foods that are not properly cleaned and sanitized. Cutting boards, countertops, and knives can all harbor the bacteria if not cleaned properly after coming into contact with raw foods. It is important to use separate cutting boards and utensils for raw meats and other foods to prevent cross-contamination.
To prevent Salmonella poisoning, it is essential to properly handle and cook raw foods. Raw meats should be stored below other food items in the refrigerator to prevent any leakage and cross-contamination. Hands, utensils, and surfaces should be properly washed and sanitized after coming into contact with raw foods. Additionally, foods should be cooked to the appropriate internal temperature to ensure the bacteria are destroyed.
In conclusion, Salmonella is primarily found in raw foods and can cause food poisoning if not handled and cooked properly. Proper food handling, thorough cooking, and prevention of cross-contamination are key in preventing Salmonella-related illnesses.
Symptoms of Salmonella Infection: Diarrhea, Fever, and Abdominal Pain
Salmonella infection, also known as salmonellosis, is a type of food poisoning caused by the Salmonella bacteria. It can occur when you consume contaminated food or water that has been tainted with the bacteria.
One of the most common symptoms of salmonella infection is diarrhea. The diarrhea is often watery and may be accompanied by abdominal cramps and pain. In some cases, the diarrhea may be bloody. This can be a sign of a more severe infection and should be reported to a healthcare professional.
Another symptom of salmonella infection is fever. The body’s natural response to an infection is to raise its temperature in order to fight off the invading bacteria. A fever can be an indication that your body is trying to fight off the salmonella infection. It is important to monitor your temperature and seek medical attention if your fever is high or persistent.
In addition to diarrhea and fever, other symptoms of salmonella infection can include nausea and vomiting. These symptoms may occur as the body tries to eliminate the bacteria from your system. If you experience severe or prolonged vomiting, it is important to seek medical attention as dehydration can be a dangerous consequence of this symptom.
Overall, if you suspect you have a salmonella infection, it is important to seek medical attention to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. The symptoms of salmonella infection can vary from person to person, and it is always better to be safe and consult a healthcare professional.
|Common Symptoms of Salmonella Infection:
High-Risk Individuals: Elderly, Infants, and Immunocompromised
Salmonella poisoning is caused by the bacteria Salmonella, which can be found in contaminated food or water. While anyone can become infected with Salmonella, certain groups of people are at a higher risk of developing severe symptoms and complications.
Elderly individuals are more susceptible to Salmonella poisoning due to age-related changes in their immune system. As a result, their bodies may have a harder time fighting off the bacteria, leading to a more severe infection. Symptoms of Salmonella poisoning in the elderly may include fever, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Infants are also at a heightened risk of Salmonella poisoning due to their underdeveloped immune systems. This makes them more vulnerable to the infection and its symptoms. Infected infants may experience diarrhea, dehydration, fever, and vomiting, which can be especially concerning as they are more prone to complications from dehydration.
Immunocompromised individuals, such as those with HIV/AIDS, cancer, or undergoing chemotherapy, are at an increased risk of developing severe Salmonella infection. Their weakened immune systems make it difficult for their bodies to fight off the bacteria effectively. This puts them at a higher risk of complications, including bloodstream infections and organ failure.
It is important for high-risk individuals to take extra precautions to prevent Salmonella poisoning. This includes practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands thoroughly before handling food, and ensuring that food is cooked properly to kill any bacteria. Additionally, high-risk individuals should avoid consuming high-risk foods, such as raw eggs or undercooked poultry, as these are common sources of Salmonella contamination.
If you or a high-risk individual you know experiences symptoms of Salmonella poisoning, it is important to seek medical attention promptly. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent further complications and aid in a faster recovery.
Diagnosis of Salmonella Poisoning: Stool Culture and Laboratory Tests
Diagnosing salmonella poisoning requires specific laboratory tests to confirm the presence of the bacteria in a patient’s body. These tests are essential for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Stool Culture Test
A stool culture test is the primary method used to diagnose salmonella poisoning. During this test, a sample of the patient’s stool is collected and sent to a laboratory for analysis. The sample is examined to determine if it contains salmonella bacteria.
The stool culture test is highly sensitive and specific for detecting salmonella. It can help identify the specific strain of salmonella causing the infection, which is crucial for effective treatment and outbreak control.
In addition to the stool culture test, other laboratory tests may be performed to assist in the diagnosis of salmonella poisoning. These tests include:
- Blood tests: Blood samples may be taken to check for elevated white blood cell count and signs of infection.
- Urine tests: Urine samples may be analyzed to detect the presence of salmonella bacteria.
- Imaging tests: In rare cases, imaging tests such as X-rays or CT scans may be performed to check for complications, such as infection spreading to other organs.
It is important for individuals experiencing symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal cramps to seek medical attention. A healthcare professional will evaluate the symptoms and order the necessary laboratory tests to confirm the diagnosis of salmonella poisoning.
Early and accurate diagnosis is crucial for prompt treatment and to prevent the spread of salmonella to others. If diagnosed with salmonella poisoning, it is important to follow the healthcare professional’s recommendations for treatment and take necessary precautions to avoid infecting others.
Treating Salmonella Infection: Fluid Replacement and Antibiotics
If you suspect that you have contracted a Salmonella infection, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. The main treatment for Salmonella poisoning involves fluid replacement and, in some cases, antibiotics.
One of the most common symptoms of Salmonella infection is diarrhea, which can cause severe dehydration. It is crucial to replace fluids and electrolytes lost through vomiting and diarrhea to prevent complications. Drinking plenty of clear fluids like water, herbal tea, and broth can help replenish the body’s fluids. Oral rehydration solutions, available at pharmacies, can also be used to restore electrolyte balance.
If the dehydration is severe, intravenous (IV) fluids may be required. This is typically done in a hospital setting, where healthcare professionals can monitor the patient’s condition and ensure proper hydration.
In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat Salmonella infection. Antibiotics are generally reserved for severe cases or cases where the infection has spread beyond the intestines. They are not always necessary, as most people recover from Salmonella poisoning without medication.
However, if the infection is severe or if you are at high risk for complications, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. The choice of antibiotic will depend on the specific strain of Salmonella and its susceptibility to different medications. It is important to take the full course of antibiotics as prescribed by your doctor, even if you start feeling better, to ensure that all the bacteria are eliminated.
It is important to note that overuse and misuse of antibiotics can contribute to antibiotic resistance, so they should only be used when necessary and as directed by a healthcare professional.
If you have symptoms of Salmonella infection, such as diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and fever, it is important to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment. Following your healthcare provider’s recommendations, including fluid replacement and taking antibiotics if necessary, can help you recover and prevent complications from Salmonella poisoning.
Natural Remedies for Salmonella: Probiotics and Hydration
Salmonella is a type of bacteria that can cause food poisoning and infection in humans. It is commonly transmitted through contaminated food and water, and can lead to symptoms such as fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea.
Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are good for your health, especially your digestive system. They can help restore the natural balance of bacteria in your gut, which can be disrupted by a salmonella infection. Consuming probiotics regularly can help prevent and treat salmonella by promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria and inhibiting the growth of harmful bacteria.
Some of the most common probiotics include lactobacillus and bifidobacterium, which can be found in fermented foods like yogurt, kefir, and sauerkraut. Taking probiotics supplements is also an option, but it is always best to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen.
Hydration is key when it comes to recovering from a salmonella infection. The symptoms of the infection, such as diarrhea and vomiting, can cause dehydration and an electrolyte imbalance in the body. It is important to drink plenty of fluids, such as water, clear broths, and electrolyte-rich drinks, to replenish the lost fluids and electrolytes.
In some cases, severe salmonella infections may require medical intervention, such as antibiotics. However, for milder cases, natural remedies like probiotics and hydration can help alleviate symptoms and promote a speedy recovery. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional if you suspect you have a salmonella infection or if your symptoms worsen.
Complications of Salmonella: Dehydration and Reactive Arthritis
While most cases of salmonella poisoning resolve on their own without complications, there are certain conditions that can arise as a result of the infection. Two common complications of salmonella include dehydration and reactive arthritis.
One of the main symptoms of salmonella poisoning is diarrhea. The infection can lead to frequent bowel movements, loose stools, and dehydration. Dehydration occurs when the body loses more fluids than it takes in, and it can be a serious complication, especially in young children, older adults, and individuals with weakened immune systems.
Signs of dehydration include increased thirst, dry mouth, dark urine, tiredness, and dizziness. If left untreated, severe dehydration can lead to confusion, rapid heartbeat, low blood pressure, and even organ failure.
Another potential complication of salmonella infection is reactive arthritis. This is a type of joint inflammation that can occur weeks or months after the initial infection. It is thought to be an autoimmune response triggered by the body’s immune system reacting to the salmonella bacteria.
Symptoms of reactive arthritis may include joint pain and swelling, especially in the knees, ankles, and feet. Other symptoms can include redness and warmth around the affected joints, as well as stiffness and difficulty moving. In some cases, reactive arthritis can also cause eye inflammation, skin rashes, and urinary symptoms.
It’s important to note that not everyone who gets salmonella will develop reactive arthritis, but those who do may experience symptoms for weeks or even months. Treatment for reactive arthritis may involve pain medication, physical therapy, and in some cases, anti-inflammatory drugs.
In conclusion, while most cases of salmonella poisoning resolve without complications, dehydration and reactive arthritis are potential risks. It’s important to stay hydrated and seek medical attention if symptoms worsen or persist, especially in vulnerable populations.
Preventing Salmonella: Safe Food Handling and Cooking Practices
Salmonella is a type of bacteria that can cause a foodborne illness called salmonellosis. It is one of the most common causes of food poisoning worldwide. The infection can lead to symptoms such as fever, diarrhea, and vomiting.
To prevent salmonella poisoning, it is important to practice safe food handling and cooking practices. Here are some tips:
1. Wash hands: Always wash your hands with soap and water before and after handling food, especially raw poultry, meat, and eggs. This helps prevent the spread of bacteria.
2. Separate raw and cooked foods: Keep raw foods, such as poultry, meat, and eggs, separate from ready-to-eat foods to prevent cross-contamination. Use separate cutting boards, utensils, and plates for raw and cooked foods.
3. Cook food thoroughly: Cooking food at the right temperature kills salmonella bacteria. Use a food thermometer to ensure that poultry, meat, and eggs are cooked to the appropriate internal temperature.
4. Store food properly: Refrigerate perishable foods, such as raw poultry, meat, and eggs, at or below 40°F (4°C) to slow down the growth of bacteria. Consume leftovers within a few days or freeze them for later use.
5. Be cautious with eggs: Avoid consuming raw or undercooked eggs, as they may contain salmonella bacteria. Cook eggs until the yolks and whites are firm.
6. Be cautious with poultry and meat: Ensure that poultry and meat products are properly cooked to kill any potential bacteria. Avoid consuming rare or undercooked poultry and meat.
7. Be mindful of cross-contamination: Clean cutting boards, utensils, and countertops with hot, soapy water after preparing raw foods. This helps prevent the spread of bacteria to other foods.
8. Practice safe food storage: Keep perishable foods refrigerated at the proper temperature and discard any food that has been left at room temperature for more than two hours.
By following these safe food handling and cooking practices, you can reduce the risk of salmonella infection and protect yourself and your family from food poisoning.
Avoiding Salmonella in Public Places: Restaurants and Salad Bars
Salmonella is a type of bacteria that can cause an infection called salmonellosis. This infection can lead to symptoms such as fever, vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea. Eating contaminated food, especially from public places like restaurants and salad bars, is a common way to contract salmonella.
Symptoms of Salmonella Poisoning
If you have been infected with salmonella, you may experience symptoms such as:
It’s important to be aware of these symptoms, as they can indicate a possible salmonella infection. If you experience any of these symptoms after eating at a restaurant or salad bar, it’s important to seek medical attention.
Tips for Avoiding Salmonella in Restaurants and Salad Bars
To reduce the risk of contracting salmonella at public places like restaurants and salad bars, follow these tips:
- Choose restaurants and salad bars with good hygiene practices. Look for establishments that have a clean and well-maintained environment.
- Check the reviews and ratings of the restaurant or salad bar before you visit. This can give you an idea of their food safety practices.
- Pay attention to the cleanliness of the food preparation area. Make sure that the surfaces and utensils are properly cleaned and sanitized.
- Observe how the food is handled by the staff. Avoid places where the staff doesn’t follow proper food handling procedures.
- Ensure that the food is cooked thoroughly. Avoid undercooked meat, poultry, and eggs.
- Wash your hands before and after eating. Use soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds.
- Avoid cross-contamination by keeping raw and cooked foods separate. Use different cutting boards and utensils for raw and cooked foods.
- If you suspect that the food is contaminated or if it tastes off, don’t hesitate to ask for a replacement or choose another option.
By following these tips, you can reduce your risk of contracting salmonella when dining out at restaurants and salad bars. It’s important to prioritize your health and take necessary precautions to prevent foodborne illnesses.
Salmonella Prevention for Pet Owners: Handling Pet Food and Waste
Salmonella is a type of bacteria that can cause illness in humans and animals. Pet owners need to take precautions when handling pet food and waste to prevent the spread of salmonella and protect themselves and their pets from infection.
One of the main symptoms of salmonella infection in humans is gastrointestinal distress, including nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. In severe cases, it can also cause fever and abdominal cramps. Salmonella is often spread through contaminated food or contact with fecal matter from infected animals.
When handling pet food, it’s important to wash your hands before and after touching it to reduce the risk of spreading bacteria. It’s also recommended to use separate utensils and containers for pet food to avoid cross-contamination with human food.
Proper storage of pet food is essential to prevent bacterial growth. Keep pet food in a cool, dry place and avoid leaving it out for long periods of time. Discard any leftover food that has been sitting out for more than two hours.
When disposing of pet waste, it’s important to do so properly. Bag and seal pet waste before throwing it in the trash to prevent contamination. Avoid flushing pet waste down the toilet, as it can contribute to the spread of bacteria and contaminate water sources.
If you suspect that your pet may have salmonella, it’s important to seek veterinary care. Symptoms in pets may include diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. Your veterinarian can provide guidance on treatment and help prevent the spread of the bacteria.
By following these guidelines, pet owners can help prevent the spread of salmonella and protect both themselves and their pets from infection.
Salmonella Outbreaks: Recent Cases and Containment Measures
A Salmonella infection, also known as salmonellosis, is a common form of foodborne illness caused by the bacteria Salmonella. It is typically transmitted through the consumption of contaminated food or water. Recent years have seen several notable outbreaks of salmonellosis, highlighting the need for strict containment measures.
Over the past few years, there have been a number of high-profile Salmonella outbreaks, affecting different regions and food items. One particularly large outbreak occurred in several states, traced back to contaminated eggs. This outbreak resulted in hundreds of reported cases of salmonellosis, with symptoms ranging from mild diarrhea and nausea to severe vomiting and dehydration.
Another recent Salmonella outbreak was associated with contaminated lettuce. This outbreak impacted multiple states and led to widespread illness among consumers. Symptoms of Salmonella poisoning in this case included abdominal cramps, fever, and bloody diarrhea.
The prevention and containment of Salmonella outbreaks is crucial to protect public health. Regulatory agencies and food producers have implemented various measures to minimize the risk of contamination and ensure the safety of food products.
Strict sanitation protocols have been put in place in food processing facilities to prevent cross-contamination and eliminate bacteria from the production environment. This includes thorough cleaning of equipment, regular testing for pathogens, and proper employee hygiene practices.
Educating consumers about safe food handling practices is another important aspect of containment. This includes proper storage, cooking, and reheating of food to kill any potential bacteria. Consumers are also advised to avoid consuming undercooked or raw food, especially when it comes to high-risk items like poultry and eggs.
In response to specific outbreaks, swift actions are taken to remove and recall contaminated products from the market. Identifying the source of contamination and implementing corrective actions is also crucial to prevent future outbreaks.
In conclusion, recent years have seen significant Salmonella outbreaks resulting in numerous cases of infection and illness. To tackle this issue, strict containment measures are implemented, including enhanced sanitation practices, consumer education, and rapid response to outbreaks. By focusing on these measures, we can work towards reducing the occurrence of Salmonella poisoning and ensuring the safety of our food supply.
Educating the Public: Awareness Campaigns and Resources
Preventing salmonella poisoning requires a collaborative effort between various stakeholders, including government organizations, healthcare providers, and the public. Educating the public about the importance of awareness and preventive measures is crucial in reducing the incidence of salmonella infections.
Salmonella: Understanding the Risks
Salmonella is a type of bacteria that can cause food poisoning. It is commonly found in raw poultry, eggs, and other dairy products. When contaminated food is consumed, it can lead to symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and nausea. In severe cases, salmonella infection can be life-threatening, especially for young children, older adults, and individuals with weakened immune systems.
Recognizing the Symptoms
It’s essential for the public to recognize the symptoms of salmonella poisoning to seek timely medical help. Some common symptoms include:
|Forceful expulsion of stomach contents through the mouth.
|Passing loose or watery stool frequently.
|High body temperature, usually accompanied by sweating and chills.
|Feeling the urge to vomit, often accompanied by a queasy stomach.
If any of these symptoms are experienced after consuming potentially contaminated food, individuals should seek medical attention immediately.
Note: It’s important to remember that symptoms may vary from person to person, and some individuals may not exhibit any symptoms at all, making it even more critical to practice preventive measures.
Prevention is Key
Government agencies, healthcare providers, and public health organizations play a significant role in educating the public about salmonella prevention. They often conduct awareness campaigns to raise awareness about safe food handling practices, proper cooking temperatures, and the importance of hand hygiene.
In addition to these campaigns, there are several resources available to the public, such as brochures and online articles that provide detailed information on salmonella prevention. These resources emphasize the importance of food safety practices, such as washing hands before handling food, cooking food thoroughly, and storing food properly to prevent cross-contamination.
By educating the public about the risks and preventive measures associated with salmonella poisoning, it is possible to reduce the number of infections and protect public health.
What is salmonella poisoning?
Salmonella poisoning, or salmonellosis, is a bacterial infection caused by the Salmonella bacteria. It is usually contracted by consuming contaminated food or water.
What are the symptoms of salmonella poisoning?
The symptoms of salmonella poisoning include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever, and vomiting. These symptoms usually appear within 12 to 72 hours after infection and can last for several days.
How is salmonella poisoning treated?
Treatment for salmonella poisoning typically includes rest, adequate fluid intake to prevent dehydration, and over-the-counter medications to relieve fever and pain. In severe cases, antibiotics may be prescribed.
Can salmonella poisoning be prevented?
Yes, salmonella poisoning can be prevented by practicing proper food safety measures. This includes thoroughly cooking food, washing hands and surfaces frequently, keeping raw and cooked foods separate, and avoiding cross-contamination.
What are the long-term effects of salmonella poisoning?
In most cases, salmonella poisoning resolves on its own within a few days to a week without any long-term effects. However, in some cases, it can lead to complications such as dehydration, bloodstream infection, and reactive arthritis.
What is Salmonella poisoning?
Salmonella poisoning, also known as salmonellosis, is an infection caused by the Salmonella bacteria. It is usually contracted by eating contaminated food or through contact with infected animals or their feces.
What are the symptoms of Salmonella poisoning?
The symptoms of Salmonella poisoning include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, and headache. These symptoms usually appear within 12 to 72 hours after infection and can last for several days to a week.
How can Salmonella poisoning be treated?
Mild cases of Salmonella poisoning usually resolve on their own without treatment. It is important to drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. In more severe cases, antibiotics may be prescribed. If dehydration occurs, hospitalization may be necessary for intravenous fluids.