Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide. It is a group of more than 150 related viruses, some of which can lead to the development of various types of cancer, including cervical, anal, and genital cancers. HPV is primarily transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex.
The virus often goes unnoticed, as many infected individuals do not experience any symptoms. However, HPV can cause genital warts, which are small growths or lesions on the genitals. In some cases, persistent infection with high-risk HPV types can lead to the development of precancerous lesions on the cervix, anus, or other areas of the body.
Fortunately, there are preventive measures available to protect against HPV infection and its associated health risks. The most effective method of prevention is vaccination. Vaccines against HPV are highly recommended for both males and females, as they can provide protection against several high-risk types of the virus. It is important to note that vaccination does not protect against all HPV types, so regular screenings and safe sexual practices are still essential.
Practicing safe sex by using condoms consistently and correctly can help reduce the risk of HPV transmission. Limiting the number of sexual partners can also decrease the likelihood of acquiring the infection. Additionally, regular screenings, such as Pap tests for cervical cancer, can help detect any abnormalities early and facilitate prompt intervention.
Overall, understanding the causes, symptoms, and prevention methods of HPV infection is crucial for protecting your health. By taking proactive steps, such as getting vaccinated, practicing safe sex, and prioritizing regular screenings, you can greatly reduce your risk of developing HPV-related conditions, including cancer.
What is HPV Virus?
HPV (Human Papillomavirus) is a common virus that can affect both males and females. It is primarily transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex. HPV is highly contagious and can easily spread from one person to another.
There are more than 100 types of HPV, and some types can cause serious health problems, including genital warts and various types of cancer. Certain strains of HPV are known to cause cervical cancer, as well as cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynx (the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils).
Transmission of HPV
HPV is most commonly transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex. It can also be spread through non-sexual contact, such as from a mother to her newborn during childbirth or through close skin-to-skin contact.
Prevention and Vaccination
To prevent HPV infection and related health problems, vaccination is recommended for both males and females. The HPV vaccine is most effective when administered before the onset of sexual activity. It is recommended that individuals receive the vaccine in their early teenage years.
In addition to vaccination, practicing safe sex, including the use of condoms, can reduce the risk of HPV transmission. Regular screening and check-ups with a healthcare provider can also help detect and treat HPV-related health issues early on.
It’s important to note that receiving the HPV vaccine does not provide complete protection against all types of HPV. Therefore, it is still essential to practice safe sex and undergo regular screenings to detect any potential HPV-related problems.
By taking preventive measures and staying informed about HPV, individuals can reduce their risk of infection and the development of HPV-related lesions and cancers.
How is HPV Virus transmitted?
HPV, or human papillomavirus, is a common virus that is primarily transmitted through sexual contact. It is important to note that HPV is not only transmitted through vaginal intercourse, but also through other forms of sexual activity such as oral and anal sex.
The virus can be passed from one person to another even if there are no visible signs or symptoms of infection. This is why HPV is considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
Genital contact with an infected person is the main mode of transmission for HPV. However, it can also be spread through skin-to-skin contact, even without penetration or ejaculation.
It is important to be aware that HPV infections can occur even in long-term, monogamous relationships. This is because the virus can lay dormant in the body for long periods of time before causing symptoms or spreading to a partner.
Using condoms and dental dams during sexual activity can help reduce the risk of HPV transmission, but it cannot completely eliminate it since HPV can infect areas not covered by barriers.
It is recommended to get vaccinated against HPV as a preventative measure. The HPV vaccine is highly effective at preventing the most common types of HPV that cause genital warts and certain types of cancer, including cervical, anal, and throat cancer.
Regular screenings, such as Pap tests for cervical cancer, are also essential for early detection and treatment of HPV-related abnormalities.
Overall, practicing safe sex, getting vaccinated, and maintaining regular check-ups with a healthcare provider are important steps in preventing the transmission and complications associated with HPV infection.
Common Types of HPV Virus
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of viruses that can cause genital infections. There are more than 100 known types of HPV, and around 40 of them are transmitted through sexual contact. These types are categorized as high risk or low risk depending on their association with cancer.
The most common type of HPV virus is HPV-16 and HPV-18, which are responsible for around 70% of cervical cancer cases. These viruses are also associated with other types of cancer such as anal, vaginal, and penile cancer.
Other common types of HPV virus include HPV-6 and HPV-11, which are low-risk types that are responsible for genital warts. These types of HPV typically do not lead to cancer, but they can cause discomfort and can be transmitted easily through sexual contact.
Prevention is key when it comes to HPV infection. Safe sexual practices such as using condoms and limiting the number of sexual partners can reduce the risk of transmission. Vaccination is also an effective method of prevention. The HPV vaccine targets the most common types of HPV that cause cancer and genital warts, offering protection against these infections.
Regular screenings and check-ups can help detect any early signs of HPV infection or the presence of precancerous lesions. It is important to raise awareness about the common types of HPV virus and the importance of prevention through vaccination and safe sexual practices.
HPV Virus and Cervical Cancer
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection that can lead to the development of cervical cancer in women. It is estimated that almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by certain types of HPV.
HPV is primarily transmitted through genital contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. The virus can be passed even when there are no visible signs or symptoms of infection, making it difficult to prevent transmission. Using barrier methods, such as condoms, can decrease the risk but does not eliminate it completely.
Connection to Cervical Cancer
HPV infection can cause changes in the cells of the cervix, leading to the development of precancerous lesions. Over time, if left untreated, these lesions can progress to cervical cancer. Regular screening tests, such as Pap smears or HPV tests, are essential in detecting these changes early and preventing the progression to cancer.
Women infected with certain high-risk types of HPV are at a greater risk of developing cervical cancer. These types include HPV 16 and HPV 18, which are responsible for approximately 70% of all cervical cancer cases.
Prevention through Vaccination
Vaccination against HPV is a crucial step in preventing cervical cancer. The HPV vaccines protect against different types of the virus, including those known to cause cervical cancer. The vaccines are recommended for both males and females before sexual activity begins, ideally in early adolescence.
- HPV vaccines are highly effective in preventing new HPV infections and reducing the risk of cervical cancer.
- Vaccination does not provide protection against existing HPV infections or treat HPV-related cervical lesions.
- It is important to complete the full vaccine series as recommended by healthcare professionals to ensure maximum protection.
Aside from vaccination, regular cervical cancer screening and practicing safe sex can also contribute to the prevention of HPV infection and cervical cancer.
Other Possible Health Problems related to HPV Virus
In addition to causing genital warts and various types of cancer, HPV infection can also lead to other health complications.
Oral Lesions and Infection
HPV can be transmitted through oral sex, leading to oral lesions and infections. This can result in the development of abnormal growths in the mouth and throat, which may require medical intervention.
Respiratory Tract Infections
Although rare, the HPV virus can also infect the respiratory tract, causing respiratory infections. This can lead to symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing.
It is important to note that not all HPV infections result in noticeable symptoms. Some infections may be asymptomatic, making it crucial to practice preventive measures.
Vaccination plays a crucial role in the prevention of HPV-related health problems. Vaccines are available to protect against the most common types of HPV that cause genital warts and cancer.
It is recommended that children receive the HPV vaccine before becoming sexually active, as it provides the best protection when administered at a young age.
Prevention and Transmission
Practicing safe sex and using barrier methods, such as condoms, can help reduce the risk of HPV transmission. Regular screenings and check-ups with healthcare professionals can also aid in early detection and treatment of any potential health problems related to HPV infection.
Regular Pap smears and HPV tests are essential for early detection of cervical cancer caused by HPV. These screenings can help identify abnormalities or the presence of the virus before they develop into more serious health issues.
In conclusion, HPV infection can lead to a range of health problems beyond genital warts and cancer. By understanding the risks and taking preventive measures, such as vaccination and regular screenings, individuals can take steps to protect their health.
HPV Virus Symptoms in Women
HPV, or Human Papillomavirus, is a common sexually transmitted infection that can affect both men and women. While many people with HPV do not show any symptoms, it can cause problems in women, especially if left untreated. Here are some of the symptoms that women may experience if they have an HPV infection:
- Genital warts: One of the most common symptoms of HPV in women is the development of small, flesh-colored or gray growths in the genital area. These warts can appear as a single bump or in cauliflower-like clusters.
- Abnormal Pap tests: HPV can cause changes in the cells of the cervix, which can be detected through regular Pap tests. If abnormal cells are found, further testing may be needed to determine if they are caused by HPV.
- Irregular vaginal bleeding: Some women with HPV may experience irregular bleeding between periods, after sex, or after menopause. This could be a sign of an HPV-related condition such as cervical dysplasia or cervical cancer.
- Itching or discomfort: In some cases, HPV can cause genital itching or discomfort. This can be a result of genital warts or other HPV-related lesions.
Prevention is key in reducing the risk of HPV infection in women. Vaccination against certain types of HPV can help to prevent the development of genital warts and HPV-related cancers. It is also important to practice safe sex by using condoms and limiting the number of sexual partners to reduce the risk of transmission.
HPV Virus Symptoms in Men
Genital HPV infection in men can cause a variety of symptoms. While many men with HPV may not experience any noticeable signs, others may develop symptoms such as:
- Genital warts: HPV can cause the formation of small, flesh-colored or gray growths in the genital area. These warts may be flat or raised and can appear on the penis, scrotum, groin, or anus.
- Penile or anal cancer: Some types of HPV can lead to the development of cancer in the penis or anus. Symptoms may include changes in skin color, persistent bumps or lesions, bleeding, itching, or pain in these areas.
- HPV-related lesions: Men with HPV may develop precancerous or cancerous lesions on the penis, anus, or surrounding areas. These lesions may appear as small, raised bumps, or as larger, irregularly shaped growths.
- Discharge: In some cases, HPV infection may cause discharge from the penis or anus.
It is important to note that not all men with HPV will experience symptoms. Additionally, HPV can be transmitted even if there are no visible symptoms present. Regular testing and practicing safe sex are important for the prevention and early detection of HPV and related conditions.
Testing and Diagnosis of HPV Virus
Testing and diagnosing HPV virus is an important step in understanding and managing the infection. There are several methods available for testing and diagnosing HPV:
Visual inspection is the simplest and most common method for diagnosing genital HPV infection. A healthcare provider will visually examine the genital area for any visible signs of infection, such as genital warts or lesions. However, it is important to note that not all HPV infections cause visible symptoms.
A Pap test, also known as a Pap smear, is a screening test used to detect abnormalities in the cells of the cervix. During a Pap test, a healthcare provider will collect a small sample of cells from the cervix and send it to a laboratory for analysis. This test can help identify abnormal cervical cells, which may be a sign of an HPV infection that could lead to cervical cancer.
HPV DNA Test
An HPV DNA test is a more sensitive test that can detect the presence of high-risk HPV types in cervical cells. This test is usually recommended for women aged 30 and older, and can be done in conjunction with a Pap test. It can help identify women who are at higher risk for developing cervical cancer.
It is important to note that there is currently no FDA-approved test available for diagnosing HPV in men. However, HPV testing may be done in certain circumstances, such as if a man has visible genital warts or if he is a sexual partner of a woman with an abnormal Pap test or known HPV infection.
Testing for HPV is an essential step in preventing the transmission of the virus and reducing the risk of complications such as genital warts and cervical cancer. Regular testing and early detection can help in timely intervention and appropriate treatment.
In addition to testing, vaccination is also an important aspect of HPV prevention. HPV vaccines are available for both males and females and can protect against the most common types of HPV that can cause various cancers and genital warts. It is recommended that individuals receive the HPV vaccine before becoming sexually active.
HPV Virus Treatment Options
Although there is no cure for the HPV virus, there are several treatment options available that can help manage and prevent complications.
For individuals with genital warts caused by HPV, treatment options include:
1. Topical medications: Certain creams, ointments, or gels can be applied directly to the warts to help remove them. These medications typically contain ingredients that can either destroy the warts or stimulate the immune system to fight off the virus.
2. Procedures: In some cases, healthcare providers may perform procedures to physically remove the warts. These methods include cryotherapy (freezing the warts), electrocautery (burning the warts), or surgical removal.
It is important to note that treatment for genital warts does not eliminate the HPV infection itself. The virus may still be present in the body and can be transmitted to others, even if visible warts are no longer present. Therefore, it is crucial to practice safe sexual behaviors and inform sexual partners about the infection.
Prevention is key when it comes to HPV-related cancers. Vaccination against the most common types of HPV can significantly reduce the risk of developing cervical, anal, and other HPV-related cancers.
If an individual develops HPV-related cancer, treatment options may include:
1. Surgery: Surgical procedures can be performed to remove cancerous cells or tumors. The extent of surgery will depend on the stage and location of the cancer.
2. Radiation therapy: High-energy radiation is used to destroy cancer cells and shrink tumors. This treatment may be used alone or in combination with surgery or chemotherapy.
3. Chemotherapy: Medications are administered to kill cancer cells throughout the body. Chemotherapy can be given orally, intravenously, or directly into the affected area.
It is important for individuals with HPV-related cancers to receive ongoing medical care and follow-up screenings to monitor for any recurrence or new developments.
Overall, understanding the available treatment options and taking steps for prevention, such as vaccination and safe sexual practices, can help manage the HPV virus and reduce the risk of complications.
Prevention of HPV Virus Infection
The prevention of HPV virus infection is crucial in reducing the spread of the virus and the risk of developing HPV-related diseases. There are several key strategies that can help prevent HPV infection:
- Vaccination: HPV vaccination is one of the most effective ways to prevent HPV infection. The vaccines target the strains of HPV that are most commonly associated with cervical cancer and other HPV-related diseases. It is recommended for both boys and girls, ideally before they become sexually active. Vaccination can provide long-term protection against HPV.
- Safe sexual practices: Consistent and correct use of condoms can reduce the risk of acquiring HPV during sexual activity. However, condoms may not provide complete protection against the virus, as HPV can infect areas not covered by the condom.
- Regular screening: Regular screening for cervical cancer in women can help detect precancerous lesions or early stages of cancer caused by HPV. Early detection can lead to timely treatment and better outcomes.
- Limiting sexual partners: Limiting the number of sexual partners can help reduce the risk of HPV infection. The fewer sexual partners a person has, the lower their chances of coming into contact with the virus.
- Informing and educating: Educating oneself and others about HPV and its risks can help promote prevention and encourage responsible sexual behavior. This includes understanding how HPV is transmitted and the importance of vaccination and regular screening.
By following these preventive measures, individuals can significantly reduce their risk of HPV infection and its associated diseases, including cervical cancer.
HPV Vaccine: Who should get it?
The HPV vaccine is a crucial tool in the prevention of genital cancer caused by the HPV virus. It is recommended for both males and females of certain age groups. Here’s who should get the HPV vaccine:
- Preteens: The HPV vaccination is most effective when given to preteens, ideally between the ages of 11 and 12. This is because the vaccine works best before any potential exposure to the virus occurs.
- Teenagers and young adults: If someone missed getting vaccinated during their preteen years, it is still recommended for them to receive the HPV vaccine through the age of 26. This applies to both males and females.
- People with weakened immune systems: Individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV or organ transplant recipients, are also encouraged to get vaccinated against HPV. This is because their immune systems may have a harder time fighting off the virus on their own.
The HPV vaccine is an important step in protecting against the transmission of HPV and reducing the risk of developing genital cancer and other related lesions. It is a safe and effective method of prevention that can make a significant impact on overall public health.
When to see a Doctor for HPV Virus?
If you notice any genital lesions or warts, it is essential to consult a doctor as soon as possible. While most cases of HPV infection do not cause any symptoms, genital warts can be a sign of an active infection. Genital warts appear as small, flesh-colored or gray bumps that can take different shapes, such as flat, raised, or cauliflower-like.
It is crucial to remember that HPV transmission can occur even if no visible warts are present. The virus can be spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sex, and it can also be transmitted through close skin-to-skin contact. Therefore, if you suspect that you may have been exposed to the virus, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional.
Early detection and prevention of HPV-related cancer
Regular screenings and examinations are vital in detecting any precancerous changes caused by HPV. Women should undergo routine Pap tests, which can detect abnormal cervical cells that could develop into cervical cancer. In some cases, an HPV DNA test may also be recommended to identify high-risk HPV strains.
For individuals at increased risk of developing certain HPV-related cancers, such as anal or oropharyngeal cancer, it is essential to consult a doctor if they experience any unusual symptoms. These symptoms may include persistent sore throat, difficulty swallowing, persistent anal itching, bleeding, or pain.
Vaccination as a preventive measure
One of the most effective ways to prevent HPV infection and related diseases is through vaccination. The HPV vaccine is recommended for both males and females, ideally before the onset of sexual activity. The vaccine helps protect against the most common high-risk HPV strains that cause cervical, anal, and oropharyngeal cancers, as well as genital warts.
In conclusion, if you suspect you may have HPV or have noticed any genital lesions or warts, it is crucial to seek medical advice promptly. Early detection and prevention measures, such as regular screenings and HPV vaccination, can significantly reduce the risk of HPV-related cancers and complications.
HPV Virus during Pregnancy
During pregnancy, the presence of the HPV virus can have additional implications for both the mother and the baby. It is essential for pregnant women to understand the potential risks and take necessary precautions to protect themselves and their unborn child.
Transmission and Infection
HPV virus can be transmitted to the baby during pregnancy or delivery if the mother has an active infection. This can happen even if there are no visible genital lesions or symptoms present. The virus can be passed on to the baby’s skin, mouth, throat, or genitals, leading to potential complications.
For the mother, an HPV infection during pregnancy can lead to the development or worsening of genital warts. These lesions can cause discomfort and may require medical intervention. In rare cases, the presence of HPV can lead to cervical cancer, although this is more commonly associated with persistent high-risk HPV infections.
For the baby, the risks of HPV infection depend on various factors, including the type of HPV and whether the mother has an active infection. In some cases, the baby may develop visible warts on their skin, mouth, throat, or genitals. In rare instances, high-risk HPV infections can potentially lead to respiratory papillomatosis, a condition characterized by the growth of wart-like lesions on the airway passages.
Prevention and Vaccination
Preventing HPV infection during pregnancy is crucial. Pregnant women should prioritize regular check-ups with their healthcare provider and discuss their HPV status. It is essential to follow recommended guidelines for cervical cancer screening and receive the HPV vaccine before getting pregnant, if possible.
Additionally, practicing safe sex can reduce the risk of acquiring an HPV infection. Using condoms and limiting sexual partners can help decrease the chances of transmission. However, it is important to note that condoms may not provide complete protection against HPV, as the virus can be present on areas not covered by the condom.
If an HPV infection is detected during pregnancy, close monitoring by healthcare professionals is recommended. Treatment options may be limited during pregnancy, but certain interventions can be considered after delivery to manage any associated complications.
|– HPV virus can be transmitted to the baby during pregnancy or delivery.
|– Prevention through regular check-ups and vaccination is crucial.
|– Genital warts and cervical cancer are potential risks for the mother.
|– Warts and respiratory papillomatosis are potential risks for the baby.
Medical Complications associated with HPV Virus
HPV, or human papillomavirus, is a common infection that can cause various medical complications. This viral infection is primarily transmitted through sexual contact, and it affects both men and women. It is estimated that approximately 80% of sexually active individuals will contract the HPV virus at some point in their lives.
One of the most well-known complications of HPV is the development of genital warts. These warts, which are caused by certain strains of the virus, can appear on the genitals or surrounding areas. Genital warts can be itchy, painful, and unsightly. While they can be treated, the virus itself cannot be cured, which means that the warts may recur in the future.
In addition to genital warts, HPV infection can also lead to more serious complications, including certain types of cancer. HPV is known to be a leading cause of cervical cancer in women. It can also cause other types of cancer, such as vaginal, vulvar, anal, penile, and oropharyngeal cancer.
To prevent the medical complications associated with HPV, vaccination is highly recommended. HPV vaccines are available for both males and females, and they can protect against the most common strains of the virus that cause genital warts and cancer. It is recommended that individuals receive the vaccine before becoming sexually active, as it is most effective when administered before exposure to the virus.
Regular screenings and check-ups are also essential in the prevention and early detection of HPV-related complications. For example, women should undergo regular Pap tests to detect any abnormalities in the cervix that may indicate the presence of HPV or cervical cancer.
In conclusion, HPV infection can lead to various medical complications, including genital warts and certain types of cancer. Vaccination, along with regular screenings and check-ups, are essential for the prevention and early detection of these complications.
Educational Resources for HPV Virus
When it comes to understanding the genital HPV virus and its consequences, it is crucial to consult reliable educational resources. Fortunately, there are several trusted sources available that provide comprehensive information on HPV, its transmission, prevention, and potential health risks, including cancer.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): The CDC offers a wealth of information on HPV, including detailed articles, fact sheets, and brochures. They cover topics such as HPV vaccination, prevention strategies, and the link between HPV and cancer. Their website also includes resources specifically designed for healthcare providers and educators.
- World Health Organization (WHO): The WHO has a dedicated section on their website that focuses on HPV and its related diseases. They provide guidelines for policymakers, educational materials for healthcare professionals, and informative resources for the general public. Their website also features the latest research and news updates on HPV.
- American Cancer Society: The American Cancer Society offers comprehensive information on HPV and its association with various cancers, including cervical, vaginal, anal, and oropharyngeal cancer. They provide detailed guides, videos, and infographics that cover topics ranging from HPV vaccination to cancer screening and early detection.
- HPV Vaccine Information for Young Women: This resource is specifically designed for young women and provides important information about HPV vaccination. It includes details on the benefits of vaccination, dosing schedules, and potential side effects. It also addresses common misconceptions surrounding the HPV vaccine.
- Sexual Health Information for Teens: Aimed at teenagers, this resource offers valuable information on sexual health, including the risks and prevention of HPV. It covers topics such as safe sex practices, the importance of regular screenings, and the benefits of HPV vaccination. The resource also addresses common questions and concerns that teenagers may have about HPV.
These educational resources provide accurate and up-to-date information on HPV, its transmission, prevention, and potential health risks. By consulting these sources, individuals can make informed decisions about their sexual health and take steps towards protecting themselves against the virus and its associated complications.
What is HPV virus?
HPV stands for Human Papillomavirus. It is a group of over 200 related viruses, and it is the most common sexually transmitted infection worldwide.
How is HPV transmitted?
HPV is mainly transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. It can also be passed on through close skin-to-skin contact.
What are the symptoms of HPV infection?
Many people with HPV infection have no symptoms and are unaware that they are infected. Some types of HPV can cause genital warts, while others can lead to certain cancers, such as cervical, anal, vulvar, vaginal, penile, and oropharyngeal cancer.
Can HPV be prevented?
Yes, HPV can be prevented. The most effective way to prevent HPV infection is through vaccination. Using condoms during sexual intercourse can also reduce the risk of transmission, but it is not 100% effective.
Who should get the HPV vaccine?
The HPV vaccine is recommended for both males and females. It is usually given between the ages of 11 and 12, but can be given as early as age 9. Catch-up vaccinations are also recommended for females up to age 26 and males up to age 21 who have not been previously vaccinated.
What is HPV?
HPV stands for human papillomavirus, which is a group of viruses that infect the skin and mucous membranes. There are over 100 different types of HPV, and some can cause genital warts or lead to various types of cancer.
What are the symptoms of HPV?
Many people infected with HPV do not experience any symptoms. However, certain strains of HPV can cause genital warts, which are small bumps or clusters of bumps in the genital area. In some cases, HPV can also lead to abnormal cell changes in the cervix, vagina, vulva, anus, or penis, which may develop into cancer if left untreated.
How is HPV transmitted?
HPV is primarily transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. It can also be spread through close skin-to-skin contact. Condoms can provide some protection against HPV, but they do not fully eliminate the risk of transmission.
What are the risk factors for HPV infection?
Certain factors can increase the risk of acquiring HPV, including having unprotected sex, having multiple sexual partners, and engaging in sexual activity at an early age. Individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV or organ transplant recipients, may also be at a higher risk.
How can HPV infection be prevented?
The best way to prevent HPV infection is through vaccination. The HPV vaccine is recommended for both males and females in their early teens, before becoming sexually active. It is also important to practice safe sex by using condoms and limiting the number of sexual partners. Regular screenings, such as Pap tests and HPV tests, can help detect and treat abnormal cell changes before they develop into cancer.