Throat Pain. What Causes a Sore Throat?

You may suffer from a sore throat because of a variety of inflammations or swellings in the larynx, pharynx, or tonsils

Difficulty or pain when swallowing food or even water is a common symptom associated with soreness of throat. Also, pharyngitis or inflammation of the pharynx is one of the most common forms of sore throat and is usually caused by a virus infection.

Well do you know what causes a sore throat? It can be caused due to a variety of reasons. Some of these are:

  • Sore throat can be caused by common viruses or viruses that cause flu such as mononucleosis virus. These viruses can even cause swelling and blisters in the mouth, a condition medically known as aphthous stomatitis.
  • Sinus drainage or post nasal drip can also be another cause of sore throat.
  • Sore throat can also be caused by bacteria such as Streptococcus and Arcanobacterium haemolyticum. While the Streptococcus bacteria causes strip throat, Arcanobacterium generally affects young adults and can even cause a red rash around the throat.
  • Certain antibiotics can also result in sore throat. What’s more these can be caused as a side effect of certain treatment such as chemotherapy, by taking immune-compromising medications, or maybe due to Candida. However, if you experience a sore throat condition for more than two weeks, don’t ignore it. Rather take every step to visit your doctor immediately as it can be a symptom signifying a serious health condition such as AIDs or throat cancer.

Now that we know what causes sore throat, let’s check how this can be treated. Usually most experts believe that all sore throats except strep throats must run their course. Apart from taking the prescribed medicines, you can also treat sore throat by following common home remedies that are simple to follow and have no side effects too. Therefore, remedies such as salt water gargles, use of Chloraseptic and lozenges and some nasal sprays can provide you relief from nagging pain caused by sore throat. However, a word of caution here! It is not advisable to use lozenges and Chloraseptic are considered as chocking hazards and should not be used for young children.

Similarly, the use of a humidifier may be helpful in relieving sore throat symptoms that can result in patients breathing from their mouth or in case of inflammation caused by dry air. You can also medicines such as Acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help in controlling the pain.

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