Kidney infection and urinary tract infection (UTI) are two common conditions that affect the urinary system. While both involve the kidneys and can cause similar symptoms, it is important to understand the differences between them in terms of severity and treatment.
A UTI, also known as a bladder infection, is an infection that occurs in the urinary tract, which includes the bladder, urethra, and ureters. It is usually caused by bacteria entering the urethra and traveling up into the bladder. Symptoms of a UTI may include a frequent urge to urinate, a burning sensation during urination, cloudy or strong-smelling urine, and pelvic pain.
On the other hand, a kidney infection, also known as pyelonephritis, is a more severe infection that occurs when bacteria reach one or both kidneys. This can happen when a UTI is left untreated or when the infection spreads from the bladder to the kidneys. Symptoms of a kidney infection may include fever, chills, back pain, nausea, and vomiting. It is important to seek medical attention promptly if you suspect a kidney infection, as it can lead to serious complications if left untreated.
Treatment for a UTI usually involves a course of antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. Drinking plenty of fluids and urinating frequently can also help to flush out the bacteria from the urinary tract. In the case of a kidney infection, more aggressive treatment may be necessary, such as hospitalization and the administration of intravenous antibiotics.
In conclusion, while both kidney infections and UTIs involve the urinary system and can cause similar symptoms, it is important to recognize the differences between them. UTIs are typically less severe and localized to the bladder, while kidney infections can be more serious and involve one or both kidneys. If you suspect that you have an infection in your urinary system, it is always best to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Anatomy of the Kidneys and Urinary Tract
The urinary tract is a vital system responsible for removing waste products and excess fluid from the body. It consists of several organs, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The kidneys, located on either side of the spine, play a crucial role in regulating the volume and composition of body fluids.
The kidneys have a complex anatomy that enables them to perform their functions effectively. Each kidney is bean-shaped and approximately the size of a fist. They are situated in the upper abdominal cavity, just below the ribcage. The kidneys are highly vascular organs, receiving a large volume of blood supply to filter the waste products and maintain the balance of electrolytes and fluids in the body.
The main function of the kidneys is to filter blood and produce urine. Inside each kidney, there are millions of tiny structures called nephrons. These nephrons are responsible for filtering the blood, removing waste products, and reabsorbing essential substances, such as water, electrolytes, and glucose, back into the bloodstream. The filtered waste products and excess fluid are then excreted as urine.
Furthermore, the kidneys play a vital role in regulating blood pressure. They produce hormones, such as renin, that help control blood pressure by constricting blood vessels and regulating the balance of salt and water in the body.
The urine produced by the kidneys travels through the ureters, which are long, narrow tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder. The ureters transport the urine from the kidneys to the bladder for storage. The bladder is a muscular sac that expands to hold the urine until it is ready to be excreted from the body.
Finally, when it is time to excrete urine, the bladder contracts, and the urine passes through the urethra, a tube that connects the bladder to the external opening of the body. The urethra in males is longer, as it also serves as a passageway for semen during ejaculation.
Understanding the anatomy of the kidneys and urinary tract is essential in distinguishing between a urinary tract infection (UTI) and a kidney infection. While both conditions involve an infection within the urinary system, a UTI typically affects the bladder or urethra, while a kidney infection, also known as pyelonephritis, specifically involves the kidneys. Recognizing the differences in symptoms and understanding the affected anatomical structures can lead to prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Definition and Causes of UTIs
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common condition that occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract and cause an infection. The urinary tract consists of the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. UTIs can affect any part of the urinary tract, but most often, they occur in the lower urinary tract, which includes the bladder and urethra.
The most common cause of UTIs is the presence of bacteria, such as Escherichia coli (E. coli), in the urinary tract. These bacteria can enter the urinary tract through the urethra and travel up into the bladder, where they can multiply and cause an infection. In some cases, the infection can spread to the kidneys, resulting in a kidney infection.
Factors that increase the risk of developing a UTI include:
- Sexual activity
- Female anatomy (shorter urethra, proximity to anus)
- Poor personal hygiene
- Obstruction in the urinary tract
- Weakened immune system
- Use of certain types of contraception, such as diaphragms or spermicides
Symptoms of a UTI may include:
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Pain or burning sensation during urination
- Cloudy or bloody urine
- Strong-smelling urine
- Pelvic pain (in women)
- Rectal pain (in men)
If left untreated, UTIs can lead to more serious complications, such as kidney infections or sepsis. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a UTI, as prompt treatment can help prevent these complications.
Definition and Causes of Kidney Infections
A kidney infection, also known as pyelonephritis, is a serious condition that occurs when bacteria enter the kidneys and cause an infection. It is different from a urinary tract infection (UTI) because it specifically involves the kidneys, whereas a UTI can affect any part of the urinary tract, including the bladder and urethra.
The most common cause of kidney infections is bacteria, particularly Escherichia coli (E. coli), which is found in the digestive system. The bacteria can enter the kidneys through the bloodstream or by traveling up the urinary tract from the bladder. Other types of bacteria, such as Klebsiella and Enterococcus, can also cause kidney infections.
In some cases, a kidney infection may result from a urinary tract obstruction, such as a kidney stone or an enlarged prostate, which can prevent urine from flowing properly and create an environment for bacteria to multiply. Additionally, conditions that weaken the immune system, such as diabetes or HIV/AIDS, can increase the risk of kidney infections.
Signs and symptoms of a kidney infection may include:
- Fever and chills
- Pain in the lower back or side
- Abdominal pain
- Frequent urination
- Burning or pain during urination
- Cloudy or bloody urine
- Strong-smelling urine
- Feeling tired or weak
- Nausea and vomiting
If left untreated, a kidney infection can lead to serious complications, such as kidney damage or sepsis, a life-threatening infection that can spread throughout the body.
Common Symptoms of UTIs
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common infection that affects the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. While UTIs can occur in any part of the urinary tract, they are most commonly found in the lower part, affecting the bladder and urethra.
UTIs are typically caused by bacteria, although viruses and fungi can also be responsible. The most common bacteria that cause UTIs is Escherichia coli (E. coli), which normally resides in the intestines but can cause an infection if it spreads to the urinary tract.
Some of the common symptoms of UTIs include:
1. Frequent urination: This is one of the most common symptoms of a UTI. The urge to urinate may be more frequent than usual, and only small amounts of urine may be passed each time.
2. Pain or burning sensation during urination: UTIs can cause a burning sensation or pain while urinating. This is often described as a stinging or itching sensation.
3. Cloudy or strong-smelling urine: UTIs can cause changes in the appearance and odor of urine. The urine may appear cloudy or have a strong, unpleasant smell.
4. Blood in the urine: In some cases, UTIs can cause blood to be present in the urine. This is known as hematuria and may appear as pink, red, or brown urine.
5. Pelvic pain or discomfort: UTIs can cause pain or discomfort in the pelvis, lower abdomen, or lower back. This pain may be dull and constant or sharp and intermittent.
6. Fever and chills: If the infection spreads to the kidneys, it can cause more severe symptoms such as fever and chills. This indicates a more serious condition called a kidney infection.
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment. UTIs can be easily diagnosed through a urine test and are usually treated with antibiotics.
Common Symptoms of Kidney Infections
When it comes to kidney infection versus UTI, understanding the symptoms can help differentiate between the two conditions. Kidney infections, also known as pyelonephritis, are a more serious type of urinary tract infection that specifically affect the kidneys. The following are common symptoms that may indicate a kidney infection:
Fever and Chills
A high fever, typically above 101 degrees Fahrenheit, is a common symptom of a kidney infection. This can be accompanied by chills, shaking, and sweating.
Back or Side Pain
Pain in the back or sides, specifically in the area of the kidneys, is another common symptom of a kidney infection. This pain can range from mild to severe and may be constant or come and go.
Similar to a UTI, kidney infections can also cause urinary symptoms such as frequent urination, urgency, and a strong urge to urinate. However, urine may also appear cloudy, bloody, or have a strong odor.
It is important to note that these symptoms are not exclusive to kidney infections and can be present in other conditions as well. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Differences in Location of Infection
A kidney infection occurs when bacteria enters and infects the kidneys. The kidneys are the organs responsible for filtering waste and excess fluids from the blood, producing urine, and maintaining the body’s balance of electrolytes. When bacteria enters the kidneys, it can cause an infection that can lead to pain, fever, and other symptoms.
On the other hand, a urinary tract infection (UTI) can occur in any part of the urinary system, which includes the bladder, urethra, ureters, and kidneys. Most UTIs begin in the lower urinary tract, which includes the bladder and urethra, and can then travel upwards to infect the kidneys if left untreated. However, not all UTIs progress to kidney infections.
While both kidney infections and UTIs involve the urinary system, the main difference lies in the location of the infection. A kidney infection specifically targets the kidneys, while a UTI can occur in various parts of the urinary system. It’s important to differentiate between the two, as kidney infections can be more severe and require prompt medical treatment to prevent complications.
Risk Factors for UTIs
UTIs, or urinary tract infections, are a common type of infection that can occur in any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys. While anyone can develop a UTI, certain factors can increase the risk of acquiring this type of infection.
One major risk factor for UTIs is being female. Women have a shorter urethra than men, which makes it easier for bacteria to travel up into the bladder and cause an infection. Other risk factors for UTIs include sexual activity, especially for women who are sexually active and have multiple partners. The use of certain types of birth control, such as diaphragms and spermicides, can also increase the risk of UTIs.
Additionally, certain medical conditions can make individuals more susceptible to UTIs. For example, individuals with diabetes have a higher risk of developing UTIs because the elevated levels of sugar in their urine can create a favorable environment for bacteria to grow. Other conditions that can increase the risk of UTIs include kidney stones, urinary retention, and a weakened immune system.
Poor hygiene can also contribute to the development of UTIs. Not wiping properly after using the toilet or not urinating before and after sexual activity can allow bacteria to multiply and cause an infection. Inadequate fluid intake can also lead to UTIs, as it can lead to concentrated urine and decreased urinary flow, which promotes bacterial growth.
In summary, while anyone can develop a UTI, certain risk factors can increase the likelihood of acquiring an infection. Being female, engaging in sexual activity, having certain medical conditions, and practicing poor hygiene are all factors that can increase the risk of developing a urinary tract infection.
Risk Factors for Kidney Infections
When it comes to kidney infection versus UTI, certain risk factors increase the likelihood of developing a kidney infection. These risk factors include:
|Women are more susceptible to kidney infections compared to men due to the shorter urethra and its proximity to the anus.
|Urinary Tract Abnormalities:
|Structural abnormalities in the urinary tract, such as kidney stones or an enlarged prostate, can hinder the flow of urine and increase the risk of kidney infections.
|Urinary Catheter Use:
|Individuals who require a urinary catheter for a prolonged period are at a higher risk of developing kidney infections.
|Compromised Immune System:
|People with weakened immune systems, such as those with diabetes or HIV, are more susceptible to kidney infections.
|Pregnant women have an increased risk of kidney infections due to hormonal changes and physical pressure on the bladder.
|Having difficulty fully emptying the bladder can lead to the accumulation of residual urine, providing a breeding ground for bacteria and increasing the likelihood of a kidney infection.
|Recent Urinary Tract Procedures:
|Undergoing procedures that involve the urinary tract, such as catheterizations or urinary tract surgeries, can introduce bacteria and increase the risk of kidney infections.
|Engaging in sexual activity can introduce bacteria into the urethra and increase the risk of a kidney infection.
It is important to be aware of these risk factors and take necessary precautions to prevent kidney infections. Proper hygiene, staying hydrated, emptying the bladder regularly, and seeking prompt medical attention for urinary tract issues can help reduce the risk of kidney infections.
Diagnostic Tests for UTIs
When a urinary tract infection (UTI) is suspected, various diagnostic tests may be conducted to confirm the presence of the infection and determine its severity. These tests help healthcare professionals differentiate between a simple UTI and a more serious kidney infection.
The most common way to diagnose a UTI is through a urine sample. This involves collecting a clean-catch urine sample, which is then sent to a laboratory for analysis. The sample is examined for the presence of bacteria and white blood cells, which are signs of infection. The laboratory may also conduct a urine culture to identify the specific bacteria causing the infection and determine the appropriate treatment.
In some cases, imaging tests may be ordered to assess the kidneys and urinary tract. These tests can help identify any abnormalities, such as kidney stones or structural issues, that may be contributing to the UTI. Common imaging tests include ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI.
|Collecting a clean-catch urine sample and analyzing it for bacteria and white blood cells
|Using ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI to evaluate the kidneys and urinary tract for abnormalities
These diagnostic tests play a crucial role in diagnosing UTIs and kidney infections. They help healthcare professionals determine the appropriate treatment plan and prevent complications. If you suspect you have a UTI or kidney infection, it is important to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Diagnostic Tests for Kidney Infections
When it comes to diagnosing kidney infections, medical professionals use various tests and procedures to confirm the presence of an infection in the kidneys. These tests help distinguish kidney infections from other urinary tract infections (UTIs), as they can have similar symptoms but require different treatment approaches.
Urinalysis is one of the primary diagnostic tests used to detect kidney infections. It involves taking a urine sample and analyzing it for the presence of bacteria, blood cells, and other substances that may indicate an infection in the kidneys.
In addition to urinalysis, blood tests can also provide valuable information in diagnosing kidney infections. Elevated levels of certain markers, such as white blood cells or C-reactive protein (CRP), can indicate an ongoing infection in the kidneys.
Imaging tests, such as ultrasounds, CT scans, or MRIs, can help visualize the kidneys and identify any abnormalities that may be caused by an infection. These tests can provide detailed images of the kidneys, allowing healthcare professionals to assess the extent of the infection.
A urine culture is another diagnostic test that can help determine the presence of a kidney infection. It involves collecting a urine sample and culturing it in a laboratory to identify the specific bacteria causing the infection. This test helps in selecting the most appropriate antibiotic for treatment.
These diagnostic tests play a crucial role in accurately diagnosing kidney infections. Through a combination of urinalysis, blood tests, imaging tests, and urine culture, healthcare professionals can differentiate kidney infections from other urinary tract infections, allowing for targeted treatment and care.
Treatment Options for UTIs
When it comes to urinary tract infections (UTIs), prompt treatment is crucial to prevent further complications. UTIs are caused by bacteria entering the urethra and traveling up to the bladder. They can be quite painful and uncomfortable, with symptoms such as frequent urge to urinate, burning sensation during urination, cloudy or bloody urine, and abdominal pain.
The first line of treatment for UTIs is usually a course of antibiotics. These medications are effective in killing the bacteria causing the infection. It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics, even if the symptoms improve, to ensure that all the bacteria are eradicated.
Drinking plenty of water is also recommended to flush out the bacteria and prevent further infection. Cranberry juice or cranberry supplements may also help in preventing UTIs by making the urine more acidic and reducing the adherence of bacteria to the urinary tract walls.
To relieve the pain and discomfort associated with UTIs, over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can be taken. Applying a heating pad to the abdomen may also provide some relief.
If UTIs become recurrent or if there are complications such as kidney involvement, further treatment may be necessary. In the case of kidney infection (pyelonephritis), hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics may be required. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms worsen or do not improve after a few days of treatment.
Prevention is key when it comes to UTIs. Drinking plenty of fluids, urinating before and after sexual intercourse, and practicing good hygiene can help reduce the risk of UTIs. It is also important to avoid irritating substances such as douches or strong soaps in the genital area.
In conclusion, UTIs can be effectively treated with antibiotics, plenty of fluids, and pain management. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen, as kidney involvement can lead to more serious complications. Taking preventive measures can also help reduce the risk of UTIs.
Treatment Options for Kidney Infections
When it comes to treating kidney infections, it is important to take immediate action to prevent any further complications. Kidney infections are serious medical conditions that require medical intervention and should not be treated at home. The main treatment options for kidney infections are:
- Antibiotics: Kidney infections are typically caused by bacteria, so antibiotics are the primary treatment option. The specific type of antibiotics and the duration of treatment will depend on the severity of the infection and the individual’s medical history.
- Pain relievers: Kidney infections can cause severe pain and discomfort. Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, may be recommended by the healthcare provider to alleviate the symptoms.
- Hospitalization: In some cases, especially if the infection is severe or if the individual is unable to take oral medications, hospitalization may be necessary. This allows for close monitoring and administration of intravenous antibiotics.
- Fluid intake: Drinking plenty of fluids is important in treating kidney infections. It helps flush out the bacteria and promotes proper kidney function. Water and unsweetened cranberry juice are often recommended.
- Rest: Resting and avoiding strenuous activities can help the body recover and heal faster. It is essential to prioritize rest and take time off work or school if necessary.
- Follow-up appointments: After completing the course of antibiotics, follow-up appointments with the healthcare provider are crucial. These appointments allow for monitoring of the infection and ensuring its complete resolution.
If you suspect you have a kidney infection, it is important to seek medical attention promptly. Delaying treatment can lead to serious complications, such as kidney damage or the spread of infection to other parts of the body.
Complications of Untreated UTIs
Untreated urinary tract infections (UTIs) can lead to serious complications if left unresolved. While UTIs mainly affect the bladder and urethra, they can potentially spread to the kidneys, resulting in a kidney infection. Understanding the potential complications of untreated UTIs can help prevent further health issues and guide appropriate treatment.
Here are some of the complications that can arise from untreated UTIs:
|Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis):
|When the bacteria from a UTI spreads to the kidneys, it can result in a kidney infection. This is a more severe condition and may cause symptoms such as fever, back pain, and nausea. Without proper treatment, kidney infections can lead to long-term kidney damage.
|Severe cases of untreated kidney infections can lead to septicemia, a life-threatening condition. Septicemia occurs when the infection-causing bacteria enters the bloodstream. This can result in organ dysfunction or failure and requires immediate medical attention.
|Repeated kidney infections or chronic UTIs that are left untreated can lead to kidney damage. Over time, the bacteria can cause scarring and inflammation in the kidneys, affecting their ability to function properly. This can result in long-term complications, including kidney failure.
|If the initial UTI is left untreated, it may lead to recurrent infections. These recurring infections can be more challenging to treat and increase the risk of complications such as kidney infections or kidney damage.
It is crucial to seek medical attention if you suspect a UTI to prevent these complications. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help eliminate the infection and reduce the risk of further health issues.
Complications of Untreated Kidney Infections
Untreated kidney infections can lead to serious complications that can be life-threatening. It is important to understand the differences between a kidney infection and a urinary tract infection (UTI), as untreated kidney infections can have more severe consequences.
A kidney infection, also known as pyelonephritis, occurs when bacteria from a UTI spread to the kidneys. This can happen when a UTI is left untreated, allowing the bacteria to travel up the urinary tract and infect the kidneys. Kidney infections are typically more severe than UTIs and can cause symptoms such as pain in the lower back or side, fever, and frequent urination.
If left untreated, a kidney infection can lead to the following complications:
1. Kidney Damage:
Untreated kidney infections can cause damage to the kidneys. The infection can lead to scarring of the kidney tissue, which can impair their ability to filter waste products from the blood and regulate fluid and electrolyte balance. This can result in chronic kidney disease or kidney failure.
Untreated kidney infections can result in a serious condition called sepsis. Sepsis occurs when the infection spreads throughout the bloodstream. It can cause symptoms such as fever, rapid breathing, and a rapid heart rate. If not treated promptly, sepsis can be life-threatening.
3. Abscess Formation:
In some cases, untreated kidney infections can lead to the formation of abscesses. Abscesses are pockets of pus that can develop in the kidneys. They can cause severe pain and may require surgical intervention to drain the pus and treat the infection.
It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a kidney infection. Prompt treatment with antibiotics can help prevent these complications and promote healing. If you are experiencing symptoms such as fever, back pain, or frequent urination, contact your healthcare provider for further evaluation and treatment.
Prevention Strategies for UTIs
While UTIs are a common infection that many individuals experience, there are several prevention strategies that can help reduce the risk of developing them.
One of the most important prevention strategies for UTIs is to drink plenty of water and stay hydrated. This helps to flush out bacteria and toxins from the urinary tract, preventing the infection from taking hold.
Maintain Personal Hygiene
Good personal hygiene practices can also help prevent UTIs. It is important to always wipe from front to back after using the bathroom to avoid transporting bacteria from the rectal area to the urethra. Additionally, regular showers and wearing clean underwear can help keep bacteria at bay.
Avoid using harsh soaps or douches in the genital area, as they can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria and increase the risk of infection.
Urinate Before and After Intercourse
Urinating before and after sexual intercourse can help flush out any bacteria that may have been introduced to the urethra during sexual activity. This can significantly reduce the risk of developing a UTI.
It is also important to practice safe sex by using barrier methods, such as condoms, to prevent the transmission of bacteria and other pathogens.
These prevention strategies can help reduce the risk of developing a UTI. However, if symptoms such as frequent urination, pain or burning during urination, or cloudy urine occur, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible to prevent the infection from spreading to the kidneys.
Prevention Strategies for Kidney Infections
Preventing kidney infections is essential to maintaining good kidney health and preventing complications. Here are some strategies to help prevent kidney infections:
- Drink plenty of water: Staying hydrated helps flush out bacteria from the urinary tract, reducing the risk of UTIs and kidney infections.
- Practice good hygiene: Always remember to wipe from front to back after using the toilet to prevent the spread of bacteria from the rectal area to the urethra.
- Urinate frequently: Holding urine for long periods allows bacteria to multiply and increase the risk of infection. Emptying the bladder regularly helps prevent this.
- Don’t delay urination: When you feel the urge to urinate, it’s important to do so promptly. Holding urine can lead to UTIs and kidney infections.
- Avoid using irritants: Using harsh soaps, bubble baths, and feminine hygiene sprays can irritate the urethra and increase the risk of infection. Stick to mild, non-irritating products.
- Wear breathable underwear: Cotton underwear allows air circulation and reduces moisture, creating an environment less favorable for bacteria to thrive.
- Empty the bladder before and after sexual activity: This helps flush out any bacteria that may have entered the urethra during sexual intercourse.
- Maintain a healthy immune system: A strong immune system is better equipped to fight off infections. Eat a balanced diet, get regular exercise, and manage stress to support your immune system.
By following these prevention strategies, you can reduce your risk of developing kidney infections and maintain optimal kidney health.
Question and answer:
What is the difference between a kidney infection and a urinary tract infection?
A kidney infection, also known as pyelonephritis, is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI) that specifically affects the kidneys. UTI, on the other hand, refers to an infection that can occur in any part of the urinary tract, including the bladder, urethra, or kidneys.
What are the symptoms of a kidney infection?
The symptoms of a kidney infection may include fever, chills, back pain, abdominal pain, frequent urination, painful urination, cloudy or bloody urine, and fatigue. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a kidney infection, as it can lead to serious complications if left untreated.
How are kidney infections and UTIs diagnosed?
Kidney infections and UTIs can be diagnosed through a physical examination, analysis of your symptoms and medical history, and various diagnostic tests. These tests may include a urine sample analysis, blood tests, and imaging tests such as an ultrasound or CT scan.
What are the possible complications of untreated kidney infections?
If left untreated, kidney infections can lead to severe complications such as kidney damage, abscess formation, sepsis (a life-threatening infection), and even kidney failure. It is crucial to seek prompt medical attention and follow the prescribed treatment plan to prevent these complications.
How can kidney infections and UTIs be treated?
Kidney infections and UTIs are typically treated with antibiotics to combat the bacterial infection. The specific type of antibiotic and duration of treatment may vary depending on the severity of the infection. It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics as prescribed by your healthcare provider to ensure complete eradication of the infection.
What is a kidney infection?
A kidney infection, also known as pyelonephritis, is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI) that occurs when bacteria enter the kidneys and cause an inflammation. It can be a severe condition and may require prompt medical treatment.
How is a kidney infection different from a UTI?
A kidney infection is a type of UTI that specifically affects the kidneys. While both conditions involve a bacterial infection in the urinary tract, a UTI usually refers to an infection in the bladder or urethra, whereas a kidney infection occurs when the bacteria reach the kidneys.
What are the symptoms of a kidney infection?
The symptoms of a kidney infection may include fever, chills, back pain, lower abdomen pain, frequent urination, urgency to urinate, cloudy or bloody urine, and fatigue. These symptoms can be more severe than those of a simple UTI and may sometimes require hospitalization.